Types of Lesson: Appreciation Lesson
An appreciation lesson is designed to instruct the class to understand, appreciate and enjoy something. In order to appreciate something, one must understand to enjoy. Appreciation is a combination of understanding and enjoyment. A learner who understands and finds easy solving arithmetic problems, may be actually enjoying it, and therefore, he appreciates it.
An appreciation lesson should focus on developing desirable values. A good appreciation lesson should help learners to evaluate values and guide them make proper choices. Values that are experienced in individual conduct are characterized by goodness and uprightness. These desirable values inevitably make the learner's existence more meaningful and worth living.
The primary objective of the teacher in appreciation lesson is to plan interesting lessons that will stimulate and induce learners to appreciate what is beautiful and worthwhile.
These can be found in literature, music, arts, religion and culture. These various areas of knowledge will certainly provide stimulation and enjoyment when the learners understand and appreciate them.
The sources of appreciation lessons are:
Literature refers to the artistic writings worthy of being remembered. It is a body of literacy writings of a country or period that are characterized by beauty of expressions and form and by universality of intellectual and emotional appeal. There are several textbooks in the elementary and secondary schools that are abundant of beautiful stories and poems that provide models of ideals, good taste and good living. The teacher's role is to motivate and make the learners understand, appreciate and derive enjoyment from the literary piece they read.
Basically, music deals with sound. It is the art of combining and regulating sound by varying pitch to produce compositions expressive of various ideas and emotions. Children can learn to appreciate classical music if the teacher trains them to enjoy listening by playing recorded music or motivate them to attend concerts. The teacher should also give the learners the opportunity to sing beautiful songs in class.
The arts are also part of man's experiences, his values, his sentiments, his ideals and his goals. They are the expressions of his thoughts and feelings. Visits to museums, art and industrial exhibits and parks will provide the learners to see, appreciate and enjoy the arts. The learners may gain insight and understanding in rhythm, balance, emphasis and proportion as they view some magnificent buildings and churches. Later, they may apply what they have seen and learned in their homes or they may be motivated to take up fine arts and architecture.
Nature constitutes the material world especially that part unaffected by man consisting plants, animals, geographical features or places where these exist largely free from human influence. Nature abounds in beauty. The various colors and fragrances of flowers, the song of the birds, the cascading and babbling sound of the brook, the splendor of the sunset, the versatile scenery of romantic spots, the majesty of a towering mountain, the star-studded sky, the luxuriant vegetation which nature in its gayest moments lavishes its precious and delicate caresses.
All the teacher needs to do is to encourage and induce the children to look around, observe, investigate, record and appreciate the magnetic charm in the beauty and grandeur of nature.
Religion is a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and the purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency, usually involving devotional and ritual observances and behavior, often having a code for conduct of human affairs. Religion is a human phenomenon in social which is part of the cultural system.
Culture as a "complex" whole, includes knowledge, beliefs, art, morals, mores, folkways, and habits acquired by man as a member of society. The teacher should critically analyze the culture of society and see the relationship between mores/folkways and behavior and develop appreciation for those that should be preserved. The fundamental objective of appreciation lesson is enjoyment of what is learned that is worthwhile. The appreciation lesson should inculcate the development of right attitude, ideals and standards to inspire the learners and enjoy the beauty of literature, music, arts and nature. Appreciation of art, literature and music can be developed through direct experience of the learners.