The Seven Approaches of Psychology
In the field of psychology, which is the fastest growing major in the United States, there are different approaches to how we study. First of all, psychology is the study of the human mind and how it functions. The seven common approaches are Biological, Evolutionary, Psychodynamic, Behavioral, Cognitive, Humanistic, and Social-Cultural. Psychologists usually tend to truly believe in just one or two of these approaches and do most of their studies using them. Now onto what each approach actually means.
These psychologists study the links between biology and psychology. Some examples are genes and hormones. They may believe that parents’ genes may be the reason for your actions and thoughts.
These psychologists study the roots of behavior and mental processes through natural selection. They may believe that since we originated from monkeys that may have to do with our behavior.
These psychologists study the unconscious that influences our decisions. This study helps people with psychological disorders. Sigmund Freud is a big name in this field. A very interesting book about the unconscious is Blink by Malcolm Gladwell.
These psychologists study observable behavior and how it helps you learn. This is one of the most studied approaches of psychology. It’s easier to study, because it’s observable behavior or something you can actually see.
These psychologists study all about thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating. This study involves the memory and our perception.
These psychologists believe people are driven because they want to grow and do their best. They believe that people are constantly trying to grow or enhance themselves. Some people don’t believe in this approach because they believe some people are not motivated and don’t care enough to get things done.
These psychologists study how society and cultures affect our behavior and thinking. They believe that people in the United States would probably think differently then those in Africa about certain situations.
All of these approaches of psychology are studied and hold at least some truth to them. Altogether they make who we really are. I personally believe that they all need to be studied in order to fully understand ourselves. I believe all of these pieces affect the way that we behave. I think some have more of an impact, but I believe they are all essentially true. It is up to you which one you will use in your experiments or study on the human mind.