Taal Lake and Taal Volcano: Philippines' Most Visited Tourist Destinations
A visit in the Philippines is incomplete without seeing the scenic and beautiful Taal Volcano and the economically and geographically important Taal Lake. The volcano is one of the most active in the archipelago and the lake is the source of livelihood of many fishermen in the surrounding towns.
Tourism is also one of the major sources of livelihood by thousands of residents within the proximity of the volcano and the lake. Souvenir items and products are available in stalls that sprawls this panoramic Philippine tourist attraction. Here are some of the most interesting facts about Taal Lake and Taal Volcano.
1.) Taal Volcano is a volcano located near the middle of Taal Lake. The caldera of Taal Volcano is partly filled with water.
2.) This complex volcano, which is located approximately 50 km south of Manila, was formed by powerful explosions several thousand years ago.
3.) As already mentioned, Taal Volcano and Lake presents one of the most picturesque and attractive views in the Philippines. It has an elevation of 400 meters.
4.) As one of the most active volcanoes in the country, Taal Volcano had exploded 33 times already since 1572.
5.) Taal Volcano's greatest recorded eruption occurred in 1754 - the so-called great 200-day eruption which lasted from May 15 to December 1.
6.) All the recorded eruptions of this tiny but deadly volcano which is located in Batangas caused the death of about 6,000 people.
7.) Taal Volcano’s eruption in 1911 is one of the most devastating. The eruption claimed the lives of 1,335 people’
8.) The northern half of the volcano island is part of Talisay town while the southern half is part of San Nicolas.
9.) Other municipalities that surround Taal Lake include Agoncillo, Alitagtag, Balete, Cuenca, Laurel, Lipa, Mataas na Kahoy, Santa Teresita and Tanauan.
10.) Because of poverty, some poor families settled on the volcano island despite the prohibition of permanent settlement in the island by PHIVOCS.
11.) Taal Volcano has been quiet since 1977 but has shown signs of unrest since 1991.
12.) The Volcano Island covers an area of about 23 km² and consists of 47 overlapping cones and craters.
13.) Vulcan Point is cited as the world's largest island within a lake on an island within a lake on an island or more precisely describe, Vulcan Point within Crater Lake, on Taal Island within Lake Taal, on the island of Luzon.
14.) The beautiful Taal Lake is a large freshwater lake and is one of the most remarkable and popular lakes in the Philippines.
15.) Taal Lake fills Taal Caldera, a large volcanic caldera formed by huge explosions in the past. The lake is the 3rd largest in the archipelago. Only Laguna de Bay and Lake Lanao are larger.
16.) There is a crater lake on Volcano Island, which is in Lake Taal, which is located on Luzon Island. This crater lake is the world's largest lake on an island in a lake on an island, and it in turn contains its own small island, Vulcan Point.
17.) In 1967, the Taal Lake basin was declared as a national park and was named the Taal Volcano National Park. In 1992, it was reestablished as the Taal Volcano Protected Landscape.
18.) Taal Lake is home to one of the rarest sea snakes in the world – the Garman’s Sea Snake or Hydrophis semperi. This unique species is only one of two "true" sea snake species that are known to live entirely in freshwater.
19.) Taal Lake is also home to the only freshwater sardine in the world – the “Tawilis”. This unique fish species is scientifically named Sardinella tawilis.
20.) The two most notable fish kills on the lake occurred in 2008 and 2011. The January 2008 fish kill caused the 50 metric tons loss of cultured tilapia while the 2011 fish kill 750 caused the 750 metric tons loss of fish.