Saffron Medicinal Properties: Stimulates Menstruation and Works Against Spasms
(Crocus sativus) Saffron is a small perennial plant. It belongs to the plant family Iridaceae. Commercial saffron comes only from the very tiny dried stigmas in the Saffron flower, thus making it one of the most expensive spices in the world. The onion like corm produces linear leaves, surrounded by cylindrical sheaths. The leaves are grey-green and hairy on the margin. The flowers are lily shaped and yellow, violet or red in color. These desiccated or dried out stigmas are made into a yellow powder which is used commercially as a coloring agent, and as a spice. From the hoary past, the barefoot doctors of China exploited the medicinal use of Saffron. Being yellow in color, this is often confused with turmeric powder which is readily available and very inexpensive.
Part Used: The stigma
- Stimulates menstruation, works against spasms, helps in digestion, relieves pain and irritability, and helps in the removal of phlegm
- Asthma, whooping cough, bronchitis, headache, hysteria, kidney and bladder stones, enlargement of the liver, and fevers
- Internal bleeding
How to Use
- The stigmas of saffron in infusion are used to stimulate menstruation, work against spasms, help in digestion, relieve pain and irritability, and help in the removal of phlegm.
- The stigmas are also used for asthma, whooping cough, bronchitis, headache, hysteria, kidney and bladder stones, enlargement of the liver and fevers. Eight to ten stigmas are sufficient for one cup of water. Use half to one cup a day.
- For external use, the infusion of the stigmas is used warm, as a poultice, for hemorrhoids, or swollen blood vessels near the anus.
- A small pinch of saffron mixed with a teaspoon of clarified butter or ghee, taken regularly, helps fight diabetes.
- Add to a cup of hot milk a pinch of saffron and a pinch of turmeric powder. Drink this to stop internal bleeding.
Active Principles: Riboflavin, thiamine, picrocrocin, carotenoid, and essential oil
Note: Studies showed that Saffron has been found to be the richest source of riboflavin (100 y/gm). In recent decades, it has been recognized as a valuable remedy for catarrhal infections, useful in otitis, melancholia, enlargement of liver and spleen, as a nerve sedative, carminative, diaphoretic and emmenagogue. In regulated doses, it can be used as a safe abortifacient but in higher doses it may be fatal as well. As a drug it is considered astringent, stimulant of metabolism, refrigerant, diuretic, antihusteric, stomachic, antiseptic and spasmodic.
Caution: In large doses, saffron is poisonous. It damages the kidneys and the nervous system. Ten to twelve grams can be fatal for human beings.