Roles and Responsibilities of a Caregiver on Elderly Care

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Caregivers of today are as important as nurses. They are a part of the health care team which contributes in aiding senior citizens by providing and fulfilling care needed by the elderly centered on the physical, emotional, spiritual, mental and social we

A caregiver is one of the  members of the health care team who assists the nurse in administering the physical, mental, emotional, spiritual, and social welfare of the patient most particularly the elders. The principal task of the caregiver is to ensure that the patient is being properly well taken cared of dependent on the patient’s ailment and needs notwithstanding the nationality, religion, status, race, and the like.

How we take care of our elderly is the most crucial factor since caring for the elderly is a very delicate matter. It is a great responsibility that one might think it is pretty much the same as caring for the infants and children. They both need special attention and proper care. They are also vulnerable to safety, abuse, and medication .Some elders are being taken cared of by health care professionals at home while the others to some institutions, nursing homes and rehabilitation centers.

Employing a caregiver is one of the alternatives in caring for our old folks. Being a caregiver is a tough job for the reason that caring for the aged takes a lot of patience, understanding and time. It comprises a great deal of responsibilities. At present, caregivers of today assume a variety of roles in performing an effective health care. These are just a few of the many roles and responsibilities of a caregiver towards elderly care.


  • As Adviser/Consultant, the caregiver must learn how to talk and listen to their client’s feelings and give counseling if the need arises. Acquainting the elder in the surroundings will diminish the feeling of insecurity.
  • As Teacher, informs the patient on information pertaining to healthful practices of everyday life, assist with the treatment to avoid further diseases or illnesses that may occur. Educates the aged on how to care for his personal hygiene with or without the presence of a nurse or a caregiver.
  • As Sponsor, represents the patient on community services, plans, arranges, and explains the patient’s rights.
  • As Organizer/Coordinator, the caregiver is in direct contact with the patient and the whole health care team is surrounding it that is why proper coordination in ensuring the total wellness of an elderly is the main focus.


  • Performs direct nursing measures and care activities like vital signs monitoring
  • Maintains a safe, clean and healthful environment for the patient
  • Care of the patients welfare socially, intellectually, spiritually, physically and emotionally
  • Guides and assists the patient in their personal hygiene such as toileting, grooming, dressing and bathing. Elders are unable to do it by themselves.
  • Prepares meals prescribed and as instructed by the attending physician
  • Bedside care early in the morning and afternoon care, sleep care and as needed care
  • Medicine preparation and administration to ensure that proper and adequate medications are being implemented
  • Informs the elders when rehabilitation is needed such as physical therapy
  • Performs errands for the elders. This is on a case to case basis.
  • Provides assistance on house calls or attends to visit the physician on schedule

Care giving is really a hard job in that it takes an effective approach as to how a caregiver will manage the care of the elderly which will provide for a more healthful and convenient way of living for the old ones. The best way to do is learn, learn and learn and apply effectively what you have learned without you being affected. You must put limitations on caring for the elderly while caring for yourself as well.

Further Roles of a Caregiver

A caregiver for the elderly must be cautious not to become too close, but there are many other roles a caregiver can give to their elderly patient. Giving emotional support can be very helpful and a very healthy support for the elderly patient. Sometimes this can be hard because you must, as a caregiver, listen to the complaining by your patient. Many times your elderly patient will have problems with their family members, usually sons and daughters. The caregiver’s patient might need someone to talk to, and the caregiver also has to be a good listener.

Watching for Scams Against the Elderly

Another job that a caregiver might consider, is watching against scams against their senior citizen patients. Today, there are so many scams that are directed at the elderly, phone calls and email and regular mail. There are certainly laws against scams against the elderly, and as a caregiver, it could fall upon you to monitor this situation and guide your senior citizen patient to be careful of these scams. You do not have to be a lawyer, but as a caregiver, pay attention to any of these scams. Also, another worry is when someone rings the doorbell and is trying to scam you or your patient. Always be vigilant.