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RESOURCES AND RESOURCE CREATING FACTORS

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RESOURCES AND RESOURCE CREATING FACTORS Nature’s function as resource depends largely on man's efforts, want and skill. In other words, only a very small, fraction of nature's treasure functions freely as resource. Of course, nature provides the p

RESOURCES AND RESOURCE CREATING FACTORS

Nature’s function as resource depends largely on man's efforts, want and skill. In other words, only a very small, fraction of nature's treasure functions freely as resource. Of course, nature provides the physical base upon which man can try and display his skill. And for this part of nature's role it is a resource creating factor.

We talk of 'human resources', 'man-power' and 'labour-force'. Man is an inexhaustible store of energy and skill. And so, man himself is a great resource. But man is more vitally a resource creating factor. Resources are created for him and by him. Man exists on two levels, viz., on animal level and on human level. Man on animal level lives without the benefit of culture (i.e., knowledge, skill, tools, etc.). He has only his natural creature wants for existence and natural capacities. He draws oxygen from air. He lives on water and wild fruits. He lives with the aid of natural resources. He is exposed to natural resistances, e.g., diseases, poison, wild beasts, etc. He lives surrounded by much neutral stuff. Like all other animals he is a part of nature. He is not a creator of resources. Such a man is unknown in modern world.

Man also lives (vigorously) on human level, with the benefit of his culture, such as, knowledge, skill, tools, etc. He has varieties of wants,—wants for physical existence, for comforts, for luxury and leisure. Being aided by culture man creates resources and he also consumes them. In the role of resource creator man (a) avails himself of the opportunities provided by natural resources, (b) with the aid of his culture he extricates himself from natural resistances, (c) And again with the aid of his culture, he turns innumerable neutral stuffs into resources. Thus, man with his wants and culture, is the most important resource creating factor. Yet, it should be noted that in resource creation man vitally depends on culture and nature. Culture is his weapon and nature is the base.

Culture includes all man-made things which have some positive effects on the development of resources. It is a joint product of man and nature. Knowledge, human skill, tools, machine. transportation, social institutions are examples of culture. Many of the culture items are resources, at the same time they help the creation of further resources. Thus culture is a resource creating factor. In fact, the rate of resource creation in society depends on the extent of its culture. But however high the human culture may be, its function rests on the physical base, i.e., nature. It is helpless in a vacuum.

 

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Nikhil Agarwal

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