History of Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia
The name of Surabaya appeared since the beginning of the growth of Majapahit kingdom. The name of Surabaya is taken from a fish named Sura and Buaya which means Crocodile. The symbol of Sura fish and crocodile is actually to describe the heroic events that occurred in the area of ??Ujung Galuh (name of the Surabaya area in the past), the battle between the armies led by Raden Widjaja versus the army of Tar Tar on May 31, 1293. That date is then set as the day of birth for city of Surabaya.
Initially Surabaya is the township or rural area on the riverside. The names of villages which still exist as Kaliasin, Kaliwaron, Kalidami, Ketabangkali, Kalikepiting, Darmokali, and so is evidence suggesting that the Surabaya region is a region with many streams / rivers. Kali means river in Indonesian. Geographically it is very plausible, because Surabaya is the area near the sea and large rivers flow such as Brantas.
Surabaya is located on the coast, a territory of its trajectory and forth humans from various regions. Surabaya, a meeting point between the people in Java island with people from outside. Surabaya in 1612 was a bustling trading port. The role of the port city of Surabaya as very important since a long time. Kalimas river is the river filled with boats that sail toward the corners of Surabaya.
Many Portuguese traders bought spices from native traders. Under the rule of Trunojoyo, Surabaya became a transit port and dump the goods from the fertile regions, namely the Brantas delta. Meanwhile, Kalimas be a "golden river" carrying valuables from suburban areas.
Surabaya City is also strongly associated with the revolution of independence of the Republic of Indonesia. Since the Dutch and Japanese occupation, the people of Surabaya were all-out battle to win independence. The climax on 10 November 1945, Arek Suroboyo occupied Orange Hotel (now we call it Hotel Majapahit) who was a symbol of colonialism. Because of his perseverance, then every November 10, Indonesia warned as Heroes' Day. Until now, traces of the colonial period are still quite visible with many historic old buildings here.
Surabaya is the capital of East Java Province, known as City of Heroes. Here are the details on Surabaya:
The location: 07 degrees 9 minutes - 07 degrees 21 minutes latitude (south latitude) and 112 degrees 36 minutes - 112 degrees 54 minutes East (East Longitude)
Altitude: 3-6 meters above sea level (lowland), except in the southern part of the hill there are two ramps in the area Tongue & Gayungan with a height of 25-50 meters above sea level
North: Strait of Madura
East: Madura Strait
Area: 33306.30 Ha
District Number: 31
Number of Villages / Kelurahan: 160
Air humidity: minimum average 42% and maximum 96%
Air pressure: the average minimum and maximum 1014.41 1005.38 Mbs Mbs
Temperature: the average minimum 23.3 ° C and maximum 35.2 ° C
Wind speed: average 7.0 knots and a maximum of 26.3 Knots
Topography: 80% lowland, height 3-6 m, slope <3%
20% of low hills with a wave height of <30 m and a slope of 5-15%