Famous Crowns of Europe Part 2
Crown of King Louis XV.
The Royal Crown of King Louis XV of France: The royal crowns of France may have had the most turbulent and bizarre history of any European crowns. In the middle ages it was not considered unusual for a royal crown to be dismantled, its gemstones removed and sold off to pay debts. The original crown which was Charlemagne’s (the imperial crown) was destroyed during the French revolution but was eventually reconstructed using historical descriptions. King Louis XV crown o was once decorated with many precious gemstones, including the Regent diamond and the Sancy diamond. Over the years the diamonds and other jewels have been replaced with imitations, however the Sancy and the Regent diamond can be viewed at the Louvre.
A replica of the Imperial State Crown
The Imperial State Crown of Queen Victoria: The British crown jewel consists of nine crowns dating from the post Middle Ages. There were originally fourteen but five were destroyed by the republican ruler Oliver Cromwell in 1664. This included the crown of Alfred the Great, made in the century 800. The Imperial State Crown is without doubt the most lavish and extravagant crown ever produced. The crown has over 3,000 diamonds, 18 sapphires, 11 emeralds and 277 pearls. It includes three of the most important gemstones in history; the second star of Africa diamond, the Stuart Sapphire and the Prince Ruby. Viewed from a modern perspective the Imperial State crown might seem ostentatious to the extreme, however its magnificence was no doubt appropriate for an Imperial super power of the 18th century.
The crown of the Empress Cattherine II.
The Russian Imperial Crown: Created in 1762 for the Empress Catherine II, this crown formed part of the state insignia of czarist Russia. The crown was made by a team of goldsmiths headed by the Swiss jeweler Jeremie Pauzie and took two months to make. The style of this crown is Byzantine and the two halves represent unity between the eastern and western Roman Empire. It has 75 pearls and a large spinel gemstone below its cross, as well as over 4,000 diamonds. There is a 55 carat diamond at its base.
Crown of the Empress Eugenia.
The Eagle’s Crown: A crown that evaded being destroyed during the French revolution is the Eagle’s Crown. This crown was made for the last empress of France, Empress Eugenie, by Napoleon II. The crowns of Napoleon II and Napoleon III were reconstructed. The Eagle’s crown was worn by the Empress Eugenie at the coronation in 1858. The Empress died in Seville in 1920. The crown has imperial gold eagles, gold leaves, 2,480 diamonds and 56 emeralds. It is on display at the Louvre.
Famous crowns of Europe (part 1)
All photos from photobucket.com.