Basic Facts on Thoroughbred Horses
Thoroughbred Race Horse
Thoroughbred horses are mainly known to be ideal for racing, but they are also great for jumping, hunting and polo activities. This breed of horse is being used to upgrade other horse breeds or form entirely new ones. For more than 300 years, the Thoroughbred has been known to be the racing horse of choice because of its speed and endurance. Here are some other information about the Thoroughbred.
The Origins of the Thoroughbred
Arabian breed of horses were sent to England to be crossbred with native spring female horses in the late 1600s. From this breeding originated the Thoroughbred horse. The breed actually just originated from three equine breeds namely the Darley Arabian, Byerly Turk and Godolphin Barb. Other breeds were introduced in the breeding process, most notably stallions from the Orient, but they were not as dominant in contributing to the Thoroughbred breed as the stallions from the Middle East were. From this breeding process came a strong and fast breed of horse.
The distinctive physical characteristics of the Thoroughbred include a broad chest, high withers, a short back, a slender body, good depth in hindquarters and short leg bones. All these characteristics specifically suggests that the horse is built for speed. Their distinct short leg bone structure allows for long and easy strides. It's ideal size is between 15 to 17 hands while its ideal weight is between 1,000 to 1,200 lbs. The usual colors of the Thoroughbred are black, gray, chestnut and seal brown. There are also Thoroughbreds that are white, roan or palomino, but they are not as common. This breed also comes with patterned coats, but the horses with this type of coat are not recognized as a Thoroughbred by breed registries. The name of this breed is commonly used to describe purebred horses, but that is an incorrect assumption. “purebred” is simply a description while “Thoroughbred” is actually the specific name of a specific breed of horse.
Behavior and Personality
As expected from a breed of spirited and fast horses, the Thoroughbred is hot-blooded, making it alert and courageous. They can sometimes be a nervous and sensitive bunch, so it is quite easy to startle or upset them. It is like they are always on caffeine.
Interesting Facts about the Thoroughbred
The official birth date of all Thoroughbred horses, no matter when they were born, is January 1st. Before being born, though, the process of breed registration will have already started because a Thoroughbred horse cannot be registered as such without witnessing the actual mating of a stallion and a mare. This means that even though artificial insemination is common among other horse breeds, it is simply not allowed if a breeders wish to register their Thoroughbred horse. As the facts about the birth and registration of Thoroughbred horses may seem strange for regular people who are not familiar with horse breeding, one fact about injured Thoroughbreds will probably shock them. Whenever a Thoroughbred horse becomes injured severely, it is euthanized.