The first ever patent for an Ice Machine was granted to John Gorrie in 1851, after he had perfected his 1842 invention of a system that was able to chill water to produce ice. However his plan to manufacture the machine for the general public was thwarted by a smear campaign led by Frederic Tudor, and the death of his partner. He died four years later in 1855, humiliated and financially ruined. He lays buried in Apalachicola, at Gorrie Square, and his original machine and plans are held at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
Alexander Twining also received a patent for an Ice Making Machine in 1853. His experiments led to the first commercial refrigeration system in the USA (1856) and he also established the first practical method for bulk producing ice by artificial means.
A Scotsman living in Australia, working as a Newspaper Printer by the name of James Harrison developed an interest in refrigeration and ice making, and he began to experiment with ether vapour compression. His first Ice Making Machine was created in 1851, and it was soon followed in 1854 by a commercial version which was able to produce up to 3,000kg of ice per day. He was granted a patent for this system in 1855. His experiments with refrigeration continued and he is credited with helping to develop cooling systems and strategies to transport fresh frozen meats across the globe.
Professor Jürgen Hans also experimented with ice creation and in 1929 he successfully developed a machine that was capable of making ice that was edible. He started a company in 1932 in the name of his wife Külinda. By 1949 the company’s main business was the design and distribution of central air conditioning. These days the company still exists as a three way business. 1. Management and Consultancy. 2. Acquisitions and Merging. 3. Refrigeration.
In modern times Ice Making Machines exist in a variety of models to suit consumers’ needs.
There are Freezer Ice Makers that are part of household freezers. These freeze ice in moulded trays and the ice exits when a lever or button is pressed by the consumer.
Portable Ice Makers are the smallest and fastest ice makers available; they are free standing units that sit atop surface areas in kitchens or in public bars and restaurants. They do not keep the ice frozen, however they do recycle the water to ensure the ice production keeps moving.
Built in Ice Makers are produce specifically to fit under a counter, although they are also capable of standing freely. The ice is frozen quickly which causes air bubbles to become trapped in the ice, and this causes a cloudy and opaque look.
Industrial Ice Making Machines improve ice quality by using a moving water process. They produce very high quality, virtually pure, hard, clear ice.