World's Largest Producers of Betel Nut, Cinnamon, Cocoa, Pistachio, Soybeans, Vanilla and Others + Uses
You’ve seen the world’s largest producers of popular fruits like apple, banana, grapes and many others. Now it’s time to learn about the world’s largest producers of not-so-famous but economically and commercially significant fruits/plants for human consumption.
The largest producer of cacao is Cote d’Ivoire with an average annual production of 1.2 million tons followed by Ghana with approximately 600,000 tons and Indonesia with about 500,000 tons.
Typically, cocoa are not eaten on its raw form although it’s edible. Cocoa, which is known from a variety of common name such as Cocoa Bean, Cacao Bean or simply Cacao, is the dried and fully fermented fatty seed of Theobroma cacao. Cocoa solids and cocoa butter are extracted from these seeds which are the basis of chocolate and other Mesoamerican foods.
It is used in making foods such s mole sauce and tejate.
It is used to make cocoa powder chocolate.
One of my favorite bread is the cinnamon. What is a cinnamon? Well, a cinnamon is a small evergreen tree endemic to Sri Lanka. The spice obtained from the bark of this tree is also called cinnamon.
The most popular producer of this spice is Sri Lanka where it has been cultivated since time immemorial. Sri Lanka produced 90% of the world’s cinnamon followed by China, India and Vietnam. It is also grown in countries like Indonesia and Bangladesh. Brazil, Madagascar, Egypt and Zanzibar also cultivate cinnamon.
The highly fragrant aroma of cinnamon is used as food flavorings.
It is used to enhance the taste and smell of many foods such as bread.
The world’s largest producer of Vanilla is Madagascar producing 58% (2,534 tonnes) of the world’s vanilla. Indonesia is next with 23% (2,399) and China with 9% (1,000 tonnes).
Vanilla is a popular flavoring derived from orchids. The vanilla genus of orchid is endemic to Mexico.
Vanilla is use in foods and drugs flavoring
The world’s most favorite flavor of ice cream is vanilla.
The world’s largest producer of soy beans is the United States producing 87.7 metric tons followed by Brazil with 52.4 metric tons and Argentina with 40.4 metric tons.
Soybeans or Soya Beans are legumes endemic to Asia and is classified as an oilseed. It has been cultivated for over 5,000 years in China.
It is grown to add nitrogen into the soil as part of crop rotation.
It is a low-cost source of protein for animal feeds
The oil is used in many industrial applications.
It is an important ingredient in many meat and dairy analogues
Non-fermented food uses of soybeans include soymilk, Tofu, Tofu skin or Yuba.
Fermented food uses of soybeans include shoyu or soy sauce, miso, natto and tempeh.
Did you know that…?
Soybeans can produce at least twice as much protein per acre than any other major vegetable or grain crop, 5 to 10 times more protein per acre than land set aside for grazing animals to make milk, and up to 15 times more protein per acre than land set aside for meat production.
5.) Areca Nut/Betel Nut
In the Philippines, particularly in the Cordillera region, combined Betel leaf and Areca nut is widely popular and consumed. Betel nut is the seed of the Areca palm which grows in many tropical areas. It is commonly but perhaps erroneously referred to as "Betel Nut."
Chewing the mixture of Areca nut and Betel leaf is very popular in Taiwan. It has been a tradition, custom or ritual which dates back thousands of years in many Asian countries like the Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, India, Pakistan and other oceanic countries.
It is used as a psychoactive drug.
The world’s leading producer of pistachio is Iran with an annual average production of 190,000 tons. Next largest pistachio producer is the US with 140,000 tons followed by Turkey and Syria with 60,000 tons each.
Pistachio is a small tree endemic to Syria, Iran, Turkey and nearby regions. This tree produces a nut.
The kernels are often eaten whole, either fresh or roasted and salted
It is used in ice cream and confections such as baklava or biscotti and cold nuts
It is used in making pistachio salad which includes fresh pistachios or pistachio pudding, cool whip, canned fruit and sometimes cottage cheese or marshmallows.
Consumption of pistachio nuts lowers the risk of heart disease.
7.) Pili Nut
The tasty and delicious Pili Nut (Canarium ovatum) is endemic to the Philippines. It is abundant and wild in the Bicol Region particularly in Sorsogon, and in parts of Visayas and Mindanao. Leading producers of Pili Nut is the Philippines. It is also grown in Malaysia.
Pili Nut is eaten roasted and salted.
It is sold as Pili Nut brittle.
You’ll surely love this fruit once you have tasted it. It is one of the most fragrant and sweet-tasting fruits you’ll surely be craving for more. The Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) is native to Southeast Asia and Southern Asia. The fruit of the Jackfruit tree is the world’s largest tree borne fruit. It can attain weight of 36 kg, length of 90 cm and a diameter of 50 cm. Jackfruit is the national fruit of Bangladesh.
It is widely popular and abundant in the Philippines. Brazil is another country that extensively cultivating the tree likewise, it is widely grown in Australia.
It is eaten fresh, canned, dried or frozen.
The wood of the tree is made into guitar.
This very sour fruit called Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) is endemic to Sudan and tropical areas of Africa.
The largest producer of Tamarind is India producing 275,000 tons annually. India is also the largest consumer of this tropical fruit. Thailand, Indonesia, Myanmar, Philippines and Malaysia are large producers also of this fruit.
The young fruit is often used as a component of savory dishes
It is used as a pickling agent.
It is used as a means of making certain poisonous Yams in Ghana safe for human consumption.
The ripened fruit is used in desserts as a jam
It is blended into juices or sweetened drinks, sorbets and ice cream.
It is consumed as a natural laxative.
Rambutan is a popular fruit in the Philippines and in other tropical countries. It is the fruit of a medium-sized tropical tree and is endemic in the Philippines, Indonesia Malaysia, Sri Lanka and other Southeast Asian countries.
The world’s leading producer of this mouth-watering tropical fruit is Thailand. Aside from Asian countries like the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia, Australia and Hawaii are important producer also.