What is Thiamine? Thiamine Deficiency and Thiamine Deficiency Symptoms
Thiamine is also called as Thiamin or Vitamin B1- it is a member of the Vitamin B family and it was first discovered by Umetaro Suzuki (a Japanese Scientist) in Japan. But in 1926, it was crystallized by Barend Coenraad Petrus Jansen and Willem Frederik Donath. Later in 1935, Robert Runnels Williams determined the chemical structure of it and named it as Thiamine.
Thiamine plays a major role in the disease of Beriberi. This is a disease of muscular weakness, energy deprivation, and inactivity. Vitamin B1 or Thiamine is a water soluble vitamin helps to convert carbohydrates into glucose. This is necessary to produce the energy. Also, Thiamine or Vitamin B1 helps to maintain good muscle tone along the wall of the digestive tract. It also helps to promote the health of the nervous system. Thiamine is an anti-stress vitamin and helps to treat depression, fatigue, anxiety and of course, beriberi. Because of the fact that Thiamine improves the nerve cells, it helps to enhance the brain functions. In addition, Thiamine or Vitamin B1 also boosts the health of the heart, improves cataracts, and prevents cervical cancer and progression of kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Symptoms of Thiamine Deficiency:
One of the major deficiency symptoms of Thiamine or Vitamin B1 is loss of appetite and it may cause anorexia nervosa. Lack of Thiamine also causes indigestion, muscle weakness (especially in calf muscles), memory loos and fatigue. Other major symptoms of Thiamine or Vitamin B1 deficiency are sleep disturbance or sleep difficulty, vision problem, low blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, muscle pain, lack of sensations or numbness, irritability, poor memory and depression.
Food Sources of Thiamine
Here’s a list of the best food sources of Thiamine or Vitamin B1:
2. Romaine Lettuce
4. Swiss Chard
5. Sunflower Seeds
7. Green Peas
8. Black Beans
10. Brussels Sprouts
14. Whole Grains
15. Brown Rice
17. Lean Meat
There are a few common reasons for Vitamin B1 or Thiamine deficiency. Poor diet, excessive consumption of alcohol, problem with liver and kidney can cause Thiamine deficiency. In the conditions such as hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid gland), pregnancy and lactation increases the requirement of Thiamine in the body. Excess consumption of tea, coffee and betel nuts can result in Thiamine deficiency.