What is Dizziness? Facts About Different Types of DizzinessFitness Equipment
Dizziness is also known as Vertigo or Lightheadedness or even Faintness. This is reeling sensation, a feeling that you are about to fall. People who are affected by this condition do experience a sense of unsteadiness, disorientation of space like (room or objects are moving) and a whirling sensation. Basically there are three types of dizziness – Lightheadedness, Vertigo and Disequilibrium.
Lightheadedness/ presyncope- In the case of Lightheadedness, brain doesn’t get enough blood and there’s a sudden drop of blood pressure. It can also happen because dehydration as well. But on the more serious issue, Lightheadedness can happen due to heart problems such as abnormal heartbeats and strokes. In addition, low blood sugar, low oxygen levels in the blood, acute infections and also some medicine reactions can also lead to Dizziness. Most common causes of Dizziness are cold, flu and allergies.
Vertigo- Vertigo is a condition when people feel a spinning sensation. There are several reasons that can cause vertigo. Although, common cold can cause Vertigo but Disorders of the vestibular system is one of the main causes of Vertigo. Migraine is also a major cause of vertigo. Infections in the ear and discharge for the ear can cause Vertigo. Cardiovascular problems, anaemia, trauma like head injury, alcohol, psychosis and uremia can cause Vertigo. Inflammation of the inner ear, a condition that is known as labyrinthitis, can be the cause of Vertigo. Meniere's disease (a disease of the inner ear characterized by episodes of dizziness and tinnitus and progressive hearing loss) can cause severe attack of Vertigo.
Disequilibrium- Disequilibrium is a condition of loss of balance. Especially a feeling of unsteadiness while walking. Problem with inner ear can cause this condition. Muscle weakness and osteoarthritis can contribute to loss of balance and other factors like neurological diseases such as Parkinson's disease, cerebellar ataxia, normal pressure hydrocephalus and spinal cord disorders can also contribute to loss of balance. Certain medications can also lead to loss of balance.
Most cases of dizziness is not serious and resolves by its own but if it is prolonged dizziness that can increase the chances of injury or other health problems. So it is important to consult doctor if the dizziness sustains for a longer time or many days.
If you are suffering from dizziness then first of all be always careful about your balance. Imbalance can lead to falling and this can cause serious injury. If you are experiencing dizziness frequently then do not drive or use heavy machinery. Always sit or lie down when you are feeling dizzy. If necessary then you can use cane too. Finally, avoid consumption of coffee and alcohol; do not smoke. These substances can make the situation worse by restricting your blood vessels.