Various Adaptations Cockatoos Have Developed to Help Them Survive
Cockatoos are parrots that belong to the Cacatuidae Family. Like parrots from the Psittacidae and Strigopidae Families, cockatoos have strong legs and curved bills. They also have zygodactyl feet that have claws. These are only a few of the cockatoo adaptations which give support to its survival.
While most parrots are mostly green, bright-colored or multi-colored, cockatoos are characterized by their black color; there are also cockatoo species which are white or gray in color. Generally, cockatoos are larger than other parrot species. Another thing that sets cockatoos apart from other parrots are the feathers crested on the top of their heads.
It is believed that some of the characteristics of cockatoos are due to their environment. There are theories that living organisms are capable of adapting to the conditions of their habitats.
Cockatoos are found in the forests, woodlands and shrub lands of Australia, Southeast Asia and New Guinea.
Cockatoos have a variety of food choices. They feed on seeds, corms, tubers, flowers and even, insects. Some cockatoos feed in trees while there are also species that get their food from the ground.
One of the interesting features of the long-billed corellas and the Western corellas is their elongated bills which are useful for getting food from the ground. They feed on roots and tubers.
The Major Mitchell’s is another cockatoo species which present a habit of walking in circle in order to twist (and eventually remove) the underground portions of certain plants.
The cockatoo adaptations regarding feeding habits also change according to the season. During spring and summer, they feed only for a few hours in the morning and in the evening. During winter, they spend a large portion of their waking hours looking for food. During these times, they also learn to adjust their food choices, as they feed on corms and green plants.
Cockatoos living in the forest have adjusted to a sedentary lifestyle because the food supply is abundant and predictable in these areas. Likewise, cockatoos are not early risers. They need the daylight in order to find their food, which is why they need to wait until the sun had warmed up their nests.
Cockatoos have their roosting sites near their drinking sites. At times, they will need to travel between their roosting sites and their feeding sites. These parrots have also developed their unique ways of bathing.
Relationship with Humans
While cockatoos are usually problematic pets, they are social creatures and can develop a relationship with fellow cockatoos and with their human handlers. They can demand attention, yet they are also affectionate pets.
Because of the destruction of many forests and other habitats of the cockatoos, some of these parrots have adapted to live in the farmlands and feed on the crops. When they reach the urban areas, they tend to chew wooden furniture.
Cockatoos are engaging pets. They have their characteristics that make them stand out from other parrots. While they may not be easy to take care of, they can learn to be friendly and can entertain through mimicking human speech.