Types of Teaching Lessons: Development Lesson
The development lesson is type of something to be learned in which a new idea is presented and developed. It may be a concept, a principle, a theory, a skill or a generalization. The distinguishing characteristic of the development lesson is the novel idea which the class has not known yet and the interest and enthusiasm of the learners.
There are two types of development lesson - the formal and informal. The formal development lesson utilizes deductive and inductive methods; while the informal development lesson does not use any particular method with definite steps. It usually uses the question and answer method or the conversational approach. The development method follows a certain procedure where the learners undergo the prescribed learning steps and processes in order to arrive in some insight and understanding, analysis, interpretation and generalization. It may also be noted that many lessons in the primary grades are of informal development type.
There are certain steps to be observed in the informal development lesson. These are:
- Preparation: This stage consists of the cognitive and motivational aspects of the lesson where the teacher usually reviews or recalls facts or information and experiences related to the new lesson. This is the step where the mental set of the learners for the new learning experience is established.
- Presentation: The teacher directs the learner's learning activities by way of presenting motivational questions, coupled with teaching aids, and leading the class to examine, analyze, compare, contrast and generalize. It is very important that the teacher makes the pupils/students aware of the subject matter to be learned.
- Application: This is the stage to determine whether the learners have learned or not. If the teacher cannot correlate facts, concepts or events in meaningful experiences, or they cannot even apply or make use of what was supposed to be learned or applied a simple rule in solving simple mathematical exercises, the inference is that no learning occurred.
Learning is facilitated when the developmental procedure and steps are used well. There are conditions necessary to have a good development lesson and these are:
- Mastery of the subject matter by the teacher: The teacher should carefully plan, organize and execute the subject matter. He should be aware of the experiences and the learning activities that must be included in the lesson. The types of questions should also be considered.
- Recall of previous experiences that have direct learning on the new lesson: Inasmuch as the apperceptive basis is important in determining the mindset of the learner, this step should be planned and executed with utmost care.
- The teacher's clear picture of what is to be perceived, presented, executed and developed. The use of various teaching aids and devices and the means of communication are very important. The teacher should also adjust the use of words, vocabulary, and teaching materials that are suited for the age of the learners.
There are certain strengths observed in the use of development lesson. The rule or principle that is taught is better understood and mastered because meanings are directly experienced. Learning is facilitated because the lesson follow steps and sequence and satisfaction are evidently felt by the learners because they do the learning activities independently.
On the other hand, the development lesson has some weaknesses. When a rule or principle is easily understood through reading, it is a waste of time to utilize this method. In as much as this method is under the direction and control of the teacher, the learners may become dependent on the teacher. Besides, this method is not effective in some subjects.