Types of Motherboards
Types of Motherboards
Motherboard is the most important component of a system. It is a Printed Circuit Board (PCB) where all the components of a system are connected. The Central Processing Unit (CPU), hard drives, memory and every other part of a system is connected to the motherboard by means of slots, connectors and sockets. The motherboard chipset is a series of chips that are a part of the motherboard. Types of Motherboards Motherboards and the capacity and efficiency of motherboards differ according to the type of system you use.
Motherboards are classified as integrated and Non-integrated devices depending on the devices they support. Motherboards which have all the ports for connecting various devices on board are known as integrated motherboards. All the latest desktop, server and laptop boards are of the integrated type. Motherboards which do not support connecting devices are known as Non-Integrated motherboards. Older boards were of non integrated types.
Classification of Motherboards:
Integrated motherboards have all the peripheral device slots, input output ports, serial and parallel ports are mounted on the board. The connectors for the various devices such as the hard drive connector and floppy disk drive connector are installed directly on to the motherboard. This arrangement saves a lot of space inside the system. Integrated boards are cheaper in cost as compared to non-integrated motherboards. The major disadvantage of these types of motherboards are that if an individual component of the motherboard fails, the whole board may need to be replaced and that can be a costly affair at times.
Non-Integrated motherboards have RAM slots integrated on the board. All the input-output ports for devices such as the serial and parallel port connectors, other controllers such as connectors for hard drive and floppy disk drives are attached to the system using expansion boards. Expansion boards use more space of the cabinet. If any one of the expansion boards fate, only those particular expansions board needs to be replaced and not the whole board. This type of board is more costly as compared to integrated board as all the devices and ports, and other connectors for the devices need to be installed individually.
The Non-integrated Motherboards are almost extinct because these types of motherboards are costly and not very space efficient. Desktop Motherboards Desktop Motherboards is used in personal computers and desktops. As it is used for applications at home and in office, this type of motherboard is the most basic type.
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