The Tallest Building in the World: Burj Khalifa, Dubai
At 828 meter (2,717 feet), Burj Khalifa in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, is the tallest building of the world. This skyscraper is the tallest man-made structure ever constructed in human history. It took nearly 5 years for the construction of this stunner edifice. It was officially opened on 4 January, 2010. The architecture and engineering of Burj Khalifa were undertaken by Skidmore, Owings and Merril of Chicago. The chief architect was Adrian Smith. The edifice was constructed by Emaar Properties. Burj Khalifa won the 2010 Best Tall Building Middle East & Africa award by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Burj Khalifa was constructed on a total project cost of about $1.5 billion.
Burj Khalifa has an elaborate design. This prestigious edifice been designed to accommodate 30,000 homes, nine hotels such as The Address Downtown Dubai, 3 hectares (7.4 acres) of parking space, the 12-hectare (30-acre) man-made Burj Khalifa Lake, the Dubai Mall and 19 residential towers.
BURJ KHALIFA, DUBAI, the Tallest Building in the World
With the construction of Burj Khalifa the Middle East has again become the location of the world’s tallest free-standing structure. The Great Pyramid of Giza enjoyed the distinction of the tallest free-standing structure for 4000 years. Then it was surpassed in 1311 by Lincoln Cathedral in England. The construction of Burj Khalifa is part of the government policy to diversify the oil-based economy to tourism and service sectors.
Height comparison of BURJ KHALIFA with similar structures in the world
BURJ KHALIFA'S 14 WORLD RECORDS
1. Burj Khalifa is the tallest structure ever built: 828 m (2,717 ft) (previously Warsaw radio mast – 646.38 m/2,121 ft)
2. Burj Khalifa is the tallest skyscraper to top of spire: 828 m (2,717 ft) (previously Taipei 101 – 509.2 m/1,671 ft)
3. This skyscraper is the tallest extant structure: 828 m (2,717 ft) (previously KVLY-TV mast – 628.8 m/2,063 ft)
4. Burj Khalifa is the tallest freestanding structure: 828 m (2,717 ft) (previously CN Tower – 553.3 m/1,815 ft)
5. The building has the world's highest elevator installation, situated inside a rod at the very top of the building
6. Burj Khalifa has the world's fastest elevators at speed of 64 km/h (40 mph) or 18 m/s (59 ft/s) (previously Taipei 101 – 16.83 m/s)
7. Burj Khalifa is the building with the highest number of floors: 160 (previously Willis Tower – 108)
8. This building is the building with highest occupied floor in the world: 160th floor
9. Burj Khalifa is the first world's tallest structure in history to include residential space. Highest outdoor observation deck in the world (124th floor) at 452 m (1,483 ft)
10. Burj Khalifa has the world's highest mosque (located on the 158th floor)
11. This structure has the highest vertical concrete pumping (for a building): 606 m (1,988 ft) (previously Taipei 101 – 449.2 m/1,474 ft)
The desert flower, Hymenocallis
12. Burj Khalifa has the world's highest swimming pool (76th floor)
13. The building has the highest vertical concrete pumping (for any construction): 606 m (1,988 ft) (previously Riva del Garda Hydroelectric Power Plant – 532 m/1,745 ft)
14. Burj Khalifa has the world's highest installation of an aluminium and glass façade, at a height of 512 m (1,680 ft)
Burj Khalifa has a design pattern conforming to the Islamic architecture. The building is Y-shaped. This shape is suitable for residential and hotel accommodation. The wings allow maximum outward views and inward natural light. The triple-lobed building design is inspired by the flower Hymenocallis. A new structural system called the buttressed core is introduced to support the superior height of the building. It has a hexagonal core reinforced by three buttresses that form the ‘Y' shape. This system will protect the building from twisting.
The opening ceremony of BURJ KHALIFA
Burj Khalifa has an interior which adorns more than 1,000 pieces of art. The residential lobby of this magnificent edifice will display the work of Jaume Plensa. It will adorn 196 bronze and brass alloy cymbals representing the 196 countries of the world. It is a memorable experience for the visitors to hear a distinct timbre. It has the sound of water falling on leaves.
Burj Khalifa is expected to hold up to 35,000 people at any one time. The building is equipped with 57 elevators and 8 escalators. Burj Khalifa has 2,909 stairs from the ground floor to the 160th floor.
The Dubai Fountain is a major attraction of Burj Khalifa. It is constructed at a cost of Dh 800 million (US$217 million). This marvelous fountain system was designed by WET Design, the California-based company which undertook fountain works at the Bellagio Hotel Lake in Las Vegas. Another attraction of Burj Khalifa is the Observation Deck. It is named ‘At the Top’. It is the highest outdoor observation deck in the world. It features the Behold Telescope. Burj Khalifa Park is another feature of the building. The park surrounds the building. It spreads out in 11 ha (27 acres). The park as well as Burj Khalifa structure is designed on the concept of the symmetries of the desert flower, Hymenocallis. Burj Khalifa park has six features such as palm lined walkways, flowering trees and gardens.