Babylonia was located in what is today Iraq, with their capital of Babylon located just 59 miles southwest of Baghdad, Iraq. The name Babylon comes from the ancient Akkadian language and means Gates of God. Babylon is referenced numerous times in the Bible in The Book Of Genesis, Chapter 11,
Babylon is featured in the story of The Tower of Babel and the Hebrews claimed the city was named for the confusion which ensued after God caused the people to begin speaking in different languages so they would not be able to complete their great tower to the heavens (the Hebrew word bavel means "confusion").
The Babylonians were Semitic Amorites who attacked and conquered the Sumerian. They occupied the Sumerian territories in 2300 BCE and established a new capital which they called Babylonia. One of the most remarkable and most popular kings of the Babylonians was Hammurabi. This intelligent and well-organized leader became the Babylonian king in 1700 BCE. He compiled all the known laws during his time and was popularly known in history as the Code of Hammurabi.
Here are some historic and interesting facts about the Babylonians
1. The famous Code of Hammurabi is composed of 282 written laws regarding agriculture, industry, marriage, properties, governance and others.
2. The Code of Hammurabi was written in a huge stone tablet at the center of the city for everyone to see. This historic code was the people’s guide on their daily activities and undertakings.
3. The heart of Hammurabi’s Code is “an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth”.
4. Babylonian army was composed of professional soldiers.
5. The Babylonian was very powerful. The king was the chief executive, the chief justice and commander in chief of the military.
6. The council of elders from the upper class acted as judges called “amelu”. All their court decisions were based primarily from the Code of Hammurabi. All verdicts were recorded for future references.
7. Women in Babylonian society can become priests; they can sell wine and they can establish their own business.
8. A Babylonian woman can ask dowry from her father and can ask support for life to her husband. She also has the right to her husband’s properties when the latter died.
9. Babylonians also worshipped the gods and goddesses of the Sumerians. Their greatest god is Marduk.
10. The frequent attacks of Kassites followed by the Hittites led to the fall of Babylonia.
The greatest contributions of the Babylonian to the world
11. The Babylonians introduced to the world the use of sales contract and the used of seal in a contract.
12. Jewelry-making originated from the Babylonians. They used metal and precious gems in making jewelries.
13. The epics Gilgamesh and Enuna Elish were important literary pieces that helped improved literature.
14. The Code of Hammurabi became the basis of many laws from all over the world.
15. Babylonia’s city capital was Babylon.
16. The Babylonians were the first to come up with the mathematical calculations for pi between 1900 and 1680. The Babylonians used a base of 60 while the Egyptians were using a base of 10. The Babylonians were only off by 0.06.
The Greatest Contributions of the Sumerians + Interesting Facts