The Many Interesting Facts and Uses of Different Shrubs III
Anywhere you will go you will find different varieties of shrubs. One way or the other, you will find these plants useful. Here are more species of shrubs with their uses and interesting facts.
Hopbush is scientifically named Dodonaea viscose. This flowering plant has a cosmopolitan distribution in warm temperate, tropical, subtropical regions of the 5 populated continents on Earth except Europe. It is called Akeake by the Maoris. It means “forever and ever”.
1.) The wood is used to create weapons by Maoris of New Zealand because it is extremely tough and durable
2.) Hawaiian people use the fruit as a source of red dye
3.) In addition, the wood is used as post in building a house and used in creating digging stick
4.) The cultivar “Purpurea” is popularly grown as a garden shrub.
5.) It is also used medicinally.
Phog or Calligonum polygonoides is a small shrub species that can be found in Thar Desert in India. Historically, it is called Orta – the origin of the word “Aorta”. This plant is extremely hardy and is easily propagated by layering and cutting.
1.) The roots of Phog are used to prepare charcoal to melt iron.
2.) The plant’s flowers are used to prepare rayata - a protein rich salty curd preparation
3.) This sturdy shrub is a good food plant for cattle
Parapiptadenia rigida is the scientific name of Angico. This shrub is native to South America and among its many common names includes Angico-cedro, Angico-do-banhado, Angico-dos-montes, Angico-verdadeiro, Angico-vermelho, Guarucaia and Paric.
1.) The plant’s essential oils are used in fragrance production.
2.) Gum from the tree is used in the used primarily in the food industry as a stabilizer
3.) Extracts from the tree have astringent properties
4.) The extract is a good expectorant
5.) The extract is also used to treat diarrhea and hemorrhage
6.) In Brazil, the plant is used for its antiseptic properties
7.) The bark has high tannin content and it is used in folk medicine as a bitter-tasting tonic and body cleanser.
8.) It is used to treat rickets, lack of appetite and muscle weakness.
9.) The wood is used for construction, carpentry, beams for bridges, poles and firewood.
10.) The durable wood is unaffected by insects such as termites and it can last more than 20 years unpainted.
11.) It is used for flooring where it is called "Pepperwood."
White Ball Acacia
White ball Acacia or Acacia angustissima is a shrub native to the United States and Central America. It can be found also in South America and Asian countries such as India and Pakistan. It is also commonly called Prairie Acacia. Other common names are Carboncillo, Fern Acacia, Timbe, Timbre, and Prairie Wattle.
1.) The bark is used in the production of alcoholic beverages.
2.) The root is used in making Pulque, a popular Mexican drink
3.) The seeds are useful as forage for livestock
4.) The plant is used to treat digestive tract problems
5.) It is also use for toothache, rheumatoid arthritis and cuts of the skin
Cooba or Acacia salicina is a thornless acacia species endemic to Australia. It is known by a variety of common names like Broughton Willow, Native Willow, Willow Wattle, Sally Wattle and Black Wattle.
1.) This species is planted along riverbanks to help stabilize riverbanks and other areas.
2.) The tree's foliage and seed pods are useful for livestock during dry periods
3.) The seeds of Cooba are edible.
4.) The shrub is used in landscaping
5.) Its very hard wood is used in making furniture
6.) The wood burns nicely and makes good fuel
7.) Indigenous Australians use the bark as a toxin for fishing
8.) They burn its leaves and smoke the ash to obtain a state of inebriation
Sickle Wattle or Acacia falcate is also an acacia species native to Australia. It is also called Sally.
1.) The bark is use in making liniment for treating ailments of the skin.
2.) It is excellent for stabilizing barren sand
3. The bark is important in the tanning industry