The History of The Egyptian Furniture
Furniture are the movable items in the room that equips it for use. The items include chairs, tables, cabinets, desks, cupboards and beds etc. The most common material for furniture is wood though other materials like metals, synthetic and plastic materials, stones, marbles and glasses etc are also used by many. Furniture is made in line with the trends, fashions and designs in vogue at a particular time but it is important to note that the making of furniture at any time still follows the historic pattern. Historically, most early furniture were designed with conventional legs that hold the platform of the furniture while others’ legs were designed in the similitude of animal legs. Most historic furniture were designed to look like animals with head, legs and other parts designed for special roles in the piece of furniture.
Ancient chairs by getyam on flickr.com
The Egyptian furniture was among the earliest forms of furniture known. The oldest surviving examples of the Egyptian furniture, dates back to the 4th Dynasty (2575 – 2467 BC) to the 6th Dynasty (2323 – 2152 BC). The old Egyptian civilization laid a procedure for the production of furniture which are being followed whenever furniture is made anywhere today. The preserved pieces of furniture used by the ancient Egypt are evidence of their early use of furniture like stools, chairs, tables, couches etc. In addition to these preserved pieces of furniture, the wall paintings also give an insight into the design of the Egyptian furniture. The patterns used by the early Egyptians to make heavy and large furniture are still in use in the present day, though a lot of innovations have been added to facilitate mass production. For example, the Egyptians’ use of mortise-and-tenon construction techniques in the production of chairs and tables are still in use till the present day.
Ancient couch by manunderstress on flickr.com
There are preserved antiquities in Museums that confirms an early use of furniture in Egypt. These include an ancient Egyptian stool having animal legs as the support, illustrated on a wooden panel which is in Egyptian Museum, Cairo (2800? BC) from the tomb of Hesire; a chair (1325 BC?) from the tomb of the New Kingdom of Pharaoh Tutankhamen in the Egyptian Museum; and a chair, table, couch, and canopy (2550? BC,) in Egyptian Museum from the tomb of the 4th Dynasty queen Hetepheres at Giza which were reconstructed from remnants of their original gold sheathing. They have animal legs, a solid chair back, and arm supports of openwork panels in papyrus patterns. The architecture of the couch is so unique – it’s higher at the head with a headrest and a footboard. The furniture are decorated with relief symbols of their gods and shrines.
Ancient bed by hagge on flickr.com
In conclusion, the early Egyptian furniture were uniquely outstanding and were mostly ornamented with stamped metals. Gold sheets were pasted on the legs of the chairs and tables to make it more beautiful. Varieties of metals were used on different kinds of furniture.