There are certain fundamental qualities of a learner that can be considered as the learner’s equipment in order for him of for her to absorbed knowledge in learning. These fundamental equipments are the learners cognitive as well as the learner’s appetitive faculties. These faculties will naturally help or guide the learner as he dealt with the learning process.
The cognitive faculties of the learners included his or her five senses, his memory, his imagination, as well as his intellect. All of these faculties is related to the basic operation of the human brain and are necessary for the learning process.
Through the learner’s five senses, the learners can be able to see, to hear, to taste and to smell. He or she can be able to grasp different information from his or her surrounding environment using these natural senses.
With the learner’s imagination, he or she can be able to form pictorial representation of material objects in his or her mind. This ability is an important factor in the learning process.
The learner’s memory is one of the important factors in learning. With the use of the memory, the learner can recall or retain post mental actions in his or her mind. The memory serves as the storage of the prior knowledge of the learner.
The learner’s intellect is also an important factor in learning. With the use of the learner’s intellect, he or she can be able to form concepts of ideas as he or she thinks as well make judgment from given information and reason out.
The appetitive faculty of the learner that can also be considered as equipment in learning includes the feeling, the emotion as well as the learner’s rational will.
Using the learner’s feelings as well as his or her emotions, he or she can be able to experience the pain or the joy, as well as the feelings of being happy, being sad or being angry to a particular subject or situation. With his or her feelings, he can be able to identify and experience the real feelings about a particular thing or situation.
Using the learner’s rational will, he or she has the capacity to think and choose what he or she thinks to be desirable according to his or her own analysis. His or her rational will, will serve as a kind of guiding force or a main integrating force in his or her character.