The Four Common Types of Debates
Formally or informally, debate happens in different scenarios. There are debates in the classrooms, in the halls of the senate, congress and many other else. Whatever forms it may take; whatever occasions or in what place, debate allows us to stand and reasoned with our arguments.
There are four types of debates that are commonly used. These debates are the Lincoln-Douglas debate (the two men debate); the Rebuttal debate, the One-Rebuttal type of debate and the Oregon-Oxford debate that is also called as the cross-question debate. Although there are some variations in these debates with regards to time limits as well as in the sequence of the speakers, the debate’s primary requisites remain intact.
The Lincoln-Douglas type of debate (also called as the two men debate) is a kind of debate where there is only one speaker in the side of the affirmative as well as in the side of the negative. The speaker in the affirmative side opens the debate then followed by the negative speech.
The Rebuttal Type of debate is a kind of debate where each team from the affirmative and the negative side is composed of about two or three members. As the debate starts, the affirmative speaker opens the constructive speech and the negative speaker starts the rebuttal. Every speaker is allowed to deliver a rebuttal speech. The debate is closed with the affirmative side delivering the last rebuttal.
The One-Rebuttal type of debate is considered as a modified form of the Lincoln-Douglas type of debate. However in this type of debate, there are about two to three members in both the affirmative and the negative side. In this debate, all of the speakers have a chance to refute the argument of the opponent with the exception of the first affirmative speaker who is given the opportunity to close the debate in his or her rebuttal speech.
The Oregon-Oxford type of debate also allows two to three speakers in both the affirmative and the negative side. In this kind of debate, the first speaker in the affirmative side delivers the entire affirmative case. After the delivery, the first affirmative speaker will be interpellated by the first speaker of the negative side. After this, the second speaker of the negative side will present the entire negative case; then, the second negative speaker well be interpellated by the second or the first affirmative speaker. After, the first speaker of the negative will deliver his or her rebuttal speech followed by the rebuttal of the second affirmative speaker.
The Benefits of Learning How to Debate
There are many benefits to learning how to debate that can help you in high school, college and in the work force. The benefits of learning how to debate properly include the following:
- The ability to gain broad knowledge of both side of a subject.
- Increase your knowledge on many subjects before entering into a debate.
- The ability to negotiate with intelligence.
- Improving your critical thinking skills.
- Teach you how to organize and structure your thoughts before you speak.
- Enhance your analytical thinking, research and note taking skills.
- You will also learn how to deliver a speech composition delivery.
- Develop teamwork.
- Learn how to form balanced and informed arguments by using evidence and reasoning skills.