The Different Manifest Functions of Education
There are manifest functions of education; these are promoting social and political integration, social control, as an agent of change, as an agent of transmitting culture, socialization and as an agent of social placement.
By transforming the diverse ethnic groups and religious groups of the society into one society that shares a common identity; education and the educational institution promotes the political and social integration of the society. It serves as an agent that is responsible in integrating the different factions of society into a single one that shares some common identity.
By teaching some values such as discipline, punctuality, obedience, perseverance, respect and the like, and by teaching conformity through encouraging young people to be a good student, to be a law-abiding citizen and to be a good citizen, schools and educational institution become an agent of social control. Education, as an institution teaches the young to be noble and to be a good and well developed individual in the future.
By bringing desired social change to the society and by serving as a meeting ground from which the belief and tradition of a society can be shared, education and the educational institution serves as an agent of change. According to some sociological studies, an increase in years of formal schooling can make one open to new ideas as well as in more social, political and liberal points of views. Education and the educational institutions serve as a system or a place where the different belief and tradition of society meet and being shared.
By exposing the existing norms, belief, and values of culture to the new generation or to the young, by learning respect for the social control through schooling and by performing a function of transmitting the dominant culture, education and educational institution serves as an agent in transmitting culture. Education transmits culture as it exposed the norms, belief and values of a particular culture to the new generation of people.
By teaching the student from kindergarten to college about; their roles as students, the specific academic subject, political socialization and the like while also being exposed to new areas of study and research, education and the educational institution serves as an agent of socialization.
By identifying the most qualified individual to fill the positions that are available in society, education and the educational institution serves as an agent of social placement in the community or in the society in general.