The Common Forests in the Philippines
The Philippines is geographically situated in the tropic near the equator. This is the reason why the country has a warm tropical climate. The country is also blessed with many natural resources which are good sources of livelihoods for the locals.
One of these natural resources is the forests which provide economic benefits to its people. Forest provides several benefits, it is the source for timber that are use in different wood works such as building houses, bridges, furniture and many else.
The area where the forest is located also serves as natural water reservoir; a good source of drinking water. There are many animals are found in the forest; the most are wild, with this, forest is there and serve as shelter for these animals. Forest is also important as it is part of nature where its existence has a big impact for the ecological balance.
There are different kinds of forest in the Philippines; these are the Dipterocarp forest, the Fine forest, the Mangrove forest, the Beach forest and the Mossy forest.
The dipterocarp forest covers the largest forest areas in the Philippines. It is situated from the coastal flats going up to approximately 800 meters in the altitude. The dipterocarp forest is the biggest source of lumber supply in the country.
The fine forest is usually developed in the country’s high plateau regions. This is in the altitude ranging from seven to eight meters above the sea level.
The mangrove forest has trees that have special root formations. The fruits and the seeds of the mangrove trees can survive; can germinate and can float in the seawater. This type of forest is tidal and it can be found along the clayed seashore as well as in the tidal zones in the river estuaries.
The beach forest can be found along the beach; this kind of forest forms a narrow strip along the sandy coast of the beach.
The Mossy forest can be found along the mountains in about 1200 altitude high. Most of the mountainous areas have moist climate in which mossy forest mostly developed.
However, because of some human activities, several hectares of forest had been sacrifice for economic development. Some forest areas had been eliminated to give way for the construction of housing facilities, factories, roads, as well as in many more man-made expansion. Some trees in the forest were cut through logging activities.
The government, together with some other non-government organization is now implementing some measures to be able to preserve the forest. Some laws had been passed to protect the forest and some other programs were established.