Sexual Ritualism in Hinduism and Buddhism As a Path to Moksha or Nirvana

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Tantra sex is recognized by both Hinduism and Buddhism as a path to god and salvation. The origin of Tantra is shrouded in antiquity, but written records are available from the Vedic age. Both religions recognize 8 chakras or energy centers in the body wh

The eastern religions of Hinduism and Buddhism are a unique blend of the esoteric and animist practices. From the times of the Vedas, Hinduism has accepted through Tantra practice that moksha or salvation can be attained through the channelizing of sexual energy. Tantra is apart of advanced Hindu practices and has a deep philosophy.

Buddhism is a part of Hindu thought and the Buddha is recognized as the 9th avatar of the supreme Hindu deity, Vishnu. The concept of Tantra in Buddhism is heavily borrowed from Hinduism. the sect of Buddhism that specifically accepts Tantra is Vajrayana Buddhism. This form of Buddhism  is part of the religious practices in China, Tibet and the Far East. In both Hinduism and Buddhism this philosophy  involves rituals and education that can only be under the guidance of a guru.

The origin of Tantra cannot be pinpointed as it is obscured and no written accounts are available. The first mention is during the Vedic period, but in all probability this belief and practice existed earlier. The earliest form of Tantra sex consisted of initiation ceremonies to propitiate the Hindu Gods.

Ancient Hindu texts state that the aim of Tantra sex has 3 basic purposes. They are

a)     Procreation for growth and sustenance of the human race

b)     Pleasure to gratify the senses

c)     Liberation or Moksha.  This was the final stage and tantric sex is a method to achieve a higher form of ecstasy where orgasm is not the aim.

Ancient texts also mention that Tantra sex can only be achieved under the direction of a guru. They state that Tantra sex is not for persons who have no self control and a desire to be one with the almighty.

  In Hindu philosophy ritual sex or tantra is a test for the male and the female. The male represents the god Shiva and the female represents the goddess Kundalini Shakti.

Tantric sex within Buddhism:

 Vajrayana Buddhism is the main vehicle of Tantra sex in Buddhism. The two sub –sects that accept Tantra sex are Tibetan Buddhism as practiced in Tibet and China and Shingon Buddhism practiced in Japan.

The Buddha has lain down that overcoming desire is the main thrust of Buddhism.  The acceptance of tantric sex would thus appear to be an anomaly as far as Buddha’s teachings are concerned.  However learned Buddhists have an explanation for this. They feel that the best way to achieve this goal is to experience this desire so that desire is completely satiated and the mystery cleared.

Another aspect of Vajrayana Buddhism is that Tantra sex is a sadhana and the practitioner a Sadhaka.  The goal for the Sadhaka is to have sex for spiritual growth and move towards enlightenment.

Both Buddhist and Hindu religions accept that there are energy chakras or wheels in the human body. They accept that there are eight Vajrayana or chakra in all. These chakras are activated during a sexual union and release energy that rises upward to the chakra at the top of the head.

Both eastern religions warn against breaking the code of Tantra in a sexual union. In case the couple deviate from the aim of a higher union and concentrate on orgasm and only pleasure than the  result can be  mental illness or many cycles of rebirth in Hell.