The most common and the most popular method of producing alcoholic drink is through the process called distillation. Here are some of the most popular distilled drinks from different countries of the world.
1.) Shochu – Japan
Shochu is a distilled beverage that contains 25% alcohol by volume. It is stronger than wine and sake but weaker than vodka and whisky. It is native to Japan and is typically distilled from barley, rice or sweet potatoes.
2.) Awamori – Japan
Awamori is an alcoholic beverage made from rice. It is indigenous to and unique to Okinawa, Japan. It is produced by distillation instead of brewing. It contains up to 43% alcohol by volume. Awamori can also be drunk straight, on the rocks, and in cocktails.
3.) Arrack – South Asia/Southeast Asia
Arrack is a distilled alcoholic drink South Asia and Southeast Asia. It is made from fermented fruit, grain, sap of coconut flowers and sugarcane. It can be blended, aged in wooden barrels, or repeatedly distilled and filtered.
4.) Soju – Korea
Soju is a distilled beverage traditionally made of rice and is native to Korea. It can also be made from barley, sweet potato, tapioca and wheat. Soju’s taste is similar to vodka but it is slightly sweeter. It is about 45% alcohol by volume and is extremely popular and widely consumed due to its low price in Korea.
5.) Rum – Sugarcane producing countries
The above picture shows an example of dark, spiced and light rums. Rum is a distilled alcoholic beverage made from sugarcane. The largest producers of rum in the world include countries in the Caribbean and Latin America. The Philippines, Australia, South Africa and India also produce large volume of rum.
6.) Cachaca – Brazil
Cachaça is the most popular distilled alcoholic beverage in Brazil. This liquor is made from sugarcane and is also known by a variety of names such as aguardente, pinga, caninha or other names. Brazilians consumed about 1.5 billion liters of Cachaça annually. It is about 54% alcohol by volume. In other countries, Cachaça is used almost exclusively as an ingredient in tropical drinks, with the Caipirinha being the most famous cocktail.
7.) Tequila – Mexico
Tequila is one of the most popular alcoholic drinks in the world. It is made of blue agave in the city of Tequila, Mexico. More than 300 million of blue agave are harvested each year in the area surrounding the city. It is 40% alcohol by volume. Mexico has claimed the exclusive international right to the word "tequila", threatening legal actions against manufacturers in other countries.
8.) Mezcal – Mexico
Another popular and unique distilled alcoholic beverage from Mexico is Mezcal. It is made from the maguey plant and is mostly produced in Oaxaca. Mezcal is made from the heart of the maguey plant, called the "piña", the same way as it was 200 years ago. It is also spelled Mescal.
9.) Vodka – Russia and other European countries
Vodka is one of the world’s most popular distilled beverages. This liquor is primarily composed of water and ethanol. It is usually 38% alcohol by volume. Vodka is also commonly used in cocktails such as the Screwdriver, Bloody Mary and many more.
10.) Maotai – China
Maotai, is a liquor from China. It isdistilled from fermented sorghum and has a mild and mellow soy sauce-like fragranced. Maotai contains up to 53% alcohol by volume. It is produced in the town of Maotai in the city of Renhuai.
11.) Akvavit – Scandinavia
Akvavit is a traditional flavored spirit from Scandinavia. Production of Akvavit began in the 15th century. It is 40% alcohol by volume. It is also called Aquavit.
12.) Arak – Arab countries
Arak or Araq is a highly alcoholic spirit from Arab counties such as Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine and Syria, It contains up to 63% alcohol by volume. This traditional alcoholic beverage is clear and colorless.
13.) Zivania – Cyprus
Zivania is a traditional distilled alcoholic beverage from Cyprus. It is made from the pomace of grapes that were pressed during the wine-making process. It is colorless and contains 45% alcohol by volume. Zivania contains no sugar and has no acidity. It is also called Zivana.
14.) Grappa – Italy
Grappa is an alcoholic beverage from Italy. Production of Grappa is similar to Zivania. This fragrant grap-based pomace brandy is up to 60% alcohol by volume.
15.) Sambuca – Italy
Sambuca is a colorless anise-flavored liquor from Italy. The most common variety is the White Sambuca. Other varieties are Black Sambuca which is deep blue in color and Red Sambuca which is bright red in color.
16.) Pastis – France
Pastis is a distilled alcoholic beverage from France. It is an anise-flavored liqueur and aperitif that contains up to 45% alcohol by volume.
17.) Ouzo – Cyprus/Greece
Ouzo is an anise-flavored aperitif from Cyprus and Greece. It is similar to the Oghi of Armenia, to the Pastis of France and to the Arak and Raki of Turkey. Ouzo can be consumed neat or mixed with water.
18.) Lambanog - Philippines
Lambanog is a distilled alcoholic drink from the Philippines, particularly in the provinces of Quezon and Laguna in Region IV A formerly known as Tagalog region. Lambanog is an alcoholic drink made from coconut. Lambanog is famous for its potency that normally carries up 90 proof variations. Collected coconut sap is cooked and fermented to become tuba. The tuba (palm toddy) is then distilled to produce lambanog. It is also produce in many other provinces in the archipelago.