Newspapers and British Culture
Nothing quite defines the British people more so than their daily reading matter.
British daily newspapers have for decades played a large part in British culture, defining the country's intellect, political bias and social class.
Britain's free press and social media is a powerful tool, that can be used to greatly influence the British people's psyche and manipulate the masses towards a newspaper's own political or intellectual bias.
Many Britons are probably not even aware that their daily paper is in fact aimed towards a certain group or genre of people, considering their choice of newspaper to be a totally personal matter of taste, which of course it is, but the choosing has been garnered by carefully crafted, mass manipulation rather than by design.
The choice of ' daily paper ' as newspapers are known in Britain, has also been known to elicit a type of inverted snobbery amongst individual readers, with different newspapers being aimed at different classes of the population, such as academics, businessmen, the middle classes, the working man or non thinkers.
The readers of these different newspapers consider their choice of reading matter as a social statement to others, with the often retorted ' you wouldn't catch me reading that ' type of statement aimed at other newspapers that holds a different political or intellectual view, opinion or bias, than that of their own.
Newspapers are also used in popular culture in reference to certain individuals, such as calling clever people ( justly ) Guardian readers or non thinkers ( unfairly ) Sun readers.
Below is a complete list of all of Britain's Daily and Sunday newspapers, along with the generally considered and socially acceptable, readership type, that each newspaper encourages.
There are of course always exceptions to every rule, just as there will always be those that prefer certain newspapers due to the preference of a newspaper's layout, regular features or input of a certain journalist, so the facts listed below are not exactly set in stone. However,It will still make interesting reading, particularly amongst those of you that consider your daily paper as a completely, independent or individual, lifestyle choice.
British newspapers come in 3 formats - the Broadsheet, the Berliner and the Compact, and in 4 genres - business, quality news, populist tabloid - known as Red Tops owing to their frontpage, red, masthead - and yellow journalism - sensationalist, non news events - all of which define a readers education, political opinions and social standing.
READ ALL ABOUT IT ! The front page of Britain's very first newspaper, showing the publication on the 3rd of September 1666, where it gives an account of the Great Fire of London.
The Daily Telegraph first published in 1855 and it's sister paper the Sunday Telegraph first published in 1961, are politically Conservative, centre right, quality news, broadsheets aimed at the upper middle classes, academics and business men.
The Financial Times first published in 1888 and it's sister paper the Sunday Times, are politically central and econonmically liberal, quality news, broadsheets aimed at Britian's high flying movers and shakers of the business and economics world.
The Guardian, first published in 1821 is a politically left of centre Labour Party bias, but socially liberal, quality news, Berliner type newspaper aimed at the upper middle and middle classes, academics and businessmen.
The Observer, first published in 1791 and it's sister paper the Sunday Observer are politically left of centre, labour orientated, liberally social, quality news, Berliner type newspapers aimed at the upper middle and middle classes, academics and businessmen.
The Independent first issued in 1986 and it's sister paper the Independent On Sunday are left of centre, Liberal politically orientated, quality news, compact type newspapers, aimed at the professional middle classes and academics.
The Times, Britain's oldest surviving newspaper still in circulation, first published in 1785, is a politically centre right, Conservative Party orientated, quality news, compact type newspaper, aimed at the upper middle classes, businessmen and academics.
The Daily Express first published in 1900 and it's sister paper the Sunday Express first published in 1918 are right wing, wholly Conservative orientated, quality news ' Red Top ' populist tabloids aimed at the middle, working classes and well educated.
The Daily Mail, first published in 1896 and it's sister paper the Mail On Sunday first published in 1982, are right wing, wholly Conservatve orientated, quality news, ' Red Top ' populist, tabloids aimed at the middle working class and well educated.
The Daily Mirror, first published in 1903 and it's sister paper the Sunday Mirror first published in 1915 are both wholly pro Labour Party orientated, socialist, ' Red Top ' populist, mass market tabloids, aimed at the average and well educated, general working class.
The Sun, first published in 1964 and it's sister paper the News Of The World first published in 1843, are right wing Labour orientated,' Red Top ' mass market tabloid, compact type newspapers, aimed at the general working class of average education.
Due to rumours of phone hacking by journalists working on the News of the World Sunday newspaper, the 168 year old tabloid was taken out of circulation by it's owner Rupert Murdoch in July 2011.
On the 26th of February, Rupert Murdoch's, News International, published it's new weekly newspaper, The Sun on Sunday.
The Daily Star first published in 1978 and it's sister paper the Daily Star Sunday first published in 2002 are both right wing, Labour orientated, ' Red Top ' populist tabloids, aimed at the general working class of average education.
The Morning Star, first published in 1930 as the Daily Worker is a communist / socialist orientated, ' Red Top ' tabloid aimed at the middle and working classes of good and average education, with particular political tendencies.
The Daily Sport first published in 1991 and it's sister paper the Sunday Star are sensationalist, yellow journalist,non news publications aimed at those that have little or no interest in world news, preferring to read instead, ludicrous but highly comical, non news sensationalism mixed with soft porn, sport and celebrity gossip.
The People is a celebrity gossip and scandal mongering, non news worthy, Sunday only tabloid, aimed at any that want to read inane celebrity culture and TV orientated gossip.
BRITISH NEWSPAPER FACTS.
The world's first ever, illustrated newspaper, featuring the front page on it's first day of publication, where it gives an account of the War in Afghanistan ( no change there then ) and the candidates for the up and coming U.S Presidential elections.
Britain's first official daily newspaper was the London Gazette, originally known as the Oxford Gazette, first published on the 7th of November 1665.
The World's first ever illustrated newspaper was the Illustrated London News, published in May 1842, now classified as the forerunner of the Celebrity Gossip magazine , as it drew it's popularity from publishing illustrated articles about The Royals and well known musical, theatrical and artisitic figures of it's day.
Britiain's top selling newspaper is the mass market ' Red Top ' tabloid, The Sun, with a daily readership of 2.9 million people.
Britain's oldest, running newspaper is the The Times, which was first published on the 1st of January 1785. It was known in those days as the Daily Universal Register.
Britain's largest newspaper group is the The Mirror Group, who publish 240 regional, 5 daily's and 3 Sunday newspapers every week.
The Group was first formed in 1903 with the publication of it's long running, Daily Mirror, which was originally a newspaper aimed at a women only readership.
Fleet Street in London, has for centuries been the home of British journalism, but in recent years, different newspaper offices and printing houses have been moved to various corners of the country, in order that England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, all receive regional variations of all the Daily and Sunday newspapers.
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