Mother of Humankind: Grave of Eve in Jeddah
All holy books (Torah, Bible, Koran) of Jewish, Christianity, and Islam, stated that Adam and Eve were the first humans created by God to dwell on earth. There is a complete account of Adam and Eve in the bible, where in verse 1:26, God said, "Let us make people* in our image, to be like ourselves. They will be masters over all life--the fish in the sea, the birds in the sky, and all the livestock, wild animals,* and small animals". Similarly, in the Koran chapter: The Cow, Verse: 2.35, God said, “O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in the garden and eat from it a plenteous (food) wherever you wish and do not approach this tree, for then you will be of the unjust”.
Historians believed that Adam was descended by God in India and Eve was descended in Jeddah and both met together in Arafat, a place in Makkah, Saudi Arabia, where they lived for a long time. For centuries, historian and archeologists are searching tirelessly to find out the location where Adam and his wife Eve (peace be upon them) were buried. The location of Adam’s grave is unknown, but Eve’s grave is believed to be in Jeddah.
Jeddah is the main port of Saudi Arabia on the Red Sea and represents the main gate through which most of the Muslim pilgrims arrive to perform Haj (pilgrimage) every year. In the Arabic language, Jeddah means ‘Grandmother’, and it is believed that the city derived its name from Eve “Mother of all humanity”. However, in Alamariyah District in the old city of Jeddah, there is an old cemetery called Hawa (Eve), where it is believed that mother Eve was buried in.
The site is respected from all residents and visitors and its origins became a legend. Historians from the 12th and 13th centuries mentioned in their books that this site comprised an extraordinary tomb with 150 meter long, 3 meter wide and one meter in height. Others described it as one dome covering the location of Eve grave. The form and size of the grave remained controversial until in the 1940s, Kink Abdullah, founder of Saudi Arabia, ordered the demolition of the grave to prevent the growing superstition surrounding the site. Now the site is surrounded by high walls and is used as a cemetery for the residents of Jeddah.
Pilgrims from all over the world used to visit the grave of Eve in Jeddah and supplicate to her, although there is no solid evidence until now that confirms with certainty the truth behind the story of this grave. For the three holy religions, Eve was the mother of all mankind, but the location of her grave remained a controversial issue, and yet to be explored.