Methods of Teaching: Review Principles and Techniques
Purposes of the Review
Basically, the review is a type of teaching. The purposes are:
- Retention of facts and information learned operates directly through the fact that practice works through repetition of correct responses
- Organization of materials and experiences: This is a characterized by facts learned in the daily lessons should be tied together into a meaningful whole. For learning to be significant and meaningful facts and information learned in various learning situations should be felt and manifested in the experiences of the learners.
- Ability of the learner to evaluate the material: Daily lessons impress upon the learner that facts and information as well as topics are equal worth. Small learning units when systematically organized into a large learning unit, the learners can view a new and clearer perspective of the whole.
- Foundations of further learning: A review of the previous lesson can form the apperceptive basis of the new lesson in addition to prepare the proper mind set of the learners.
- Diagnosis of the learners’ weakness: A review lesson usually reveals the weakness of learners with respect to the acquisition and retention of facts and information.
- Development and interest in the old materials: The review lessons serve the purpose of awakening and rekindling the learners' interest in old materials.
Types of Review
There are various types of review that the teacher can adapt.
- The short daily review: This is usually done for five to ten minutes to provide and awaken the mental readiness of the learners which will serve as a basis for the new lesson.
- The post lesson unit review: This takes up more time and is used to organize learning materials and experiences into bigger units.
- Extensive unit review: This is characterized by the large area of facts and information and emphasis is on major problems and issues and usually takes place toward the end of the semester or school year.
Inasmuch as the review lesson involves recall, reorganization, reintegration and establishing relationships of varied experiences of related facts and information, several methods may be utilized. A review requires careful planning and execution. There are certain guidelines to be observed.
- Time frame of review: There is no definite time for the review. It can be given when there is a need. It may be given at the end of the new lesson presented or before an examination. It can also be given at the beginning of the period to serve as apperceptive basis for the new lesson.
- Length of review: There is not limit for the review. However, the daily review may only be for a few minutes; while the review at the end of a unit may be long.
- Preparation for the review: The review lesson should be well prepared taking into consideration the necessary steps, for example: objectives, motivation, strategy and approach and learning activities.
Principles of a Review Lesson
For a review lesson to be effective, certain principles should be observed and followed.
- The review must be of value to the learners. The learners must know the fundamental objectives of the review, recognize the need for it and above all be convinced that it is for their own good.
- The review must stimulate interest. It must not be a mere repetition of facts and information that the learners have acquired and understood but should be interesting and challenging in the form of oral discussion, analysis, and interpretation of related topics.
- The review should adhere to pedagogical and psychological principles of learning. The learners should be made aware of how they are progressing in the light of previous lesson that have been studied.