The Conjunction and Interjection
The word conjunction comes from the prefix con, which means "together" and junct, means "join". Therefore, a conjunction is a word or a group of words that is used to connect words, phrases or clauses, sentences, and sometimes paragraphs.Conjunctions imply or denote certain relationships between words or groups of words that they connect; but they do not take objects,as do prepositions.
Kinds of Conjunctions
There are tree kinds of conjunctions:coordinating,subordinating,and correlative.
A. Coordinating Conjunctions-join words, phrases or clauses of equal rank in a sentence (and,but,however,nevetheless,either,or,neither)
- Thomas and Marie will come to help you in your party.
- The program was great,but few people came to watch.
- Neither my father nor my mother agrees to my becoming a nun.
- Either Karen or Ben will go to the city.
- The exhibits were put up in the corridor and in the parlor.
B. Subordinating Conjunctions-connect/introduce subordinate clauses to their principal or main clauses (where, when , after, while, because, if , unless, since, whether).
- After the rain, we will pick guavas in the field.
- if the roads are good,we shall go by car.
- I will not go to school, unless you come with me.
- Clean your room while i wash the dishes.
- Jun courted you because he loves you very much.
- Whether I'll go with you or not, the show will go on.
- I have not seen her since her family went to the States.
Note: The subordinating conjunction that may express three ideas.
- Therese promised (that) she would come. The simple conjunction is often omitted, but its function mus be clearly understood in the sentence.
- This is the dress (that) she wore to the party.
- Study hard (that) you may succeed in life.
C.Correlative Conjunctions-always come in pairs.
- If you cannot come, the group will not be complete.
- Although he is sick, yet he reported for work.
Interjections-are exclamations such as oh,alas,ugh,or well. They are used for emphasis or to express an emotional reaction.(Note: They do not truly function as grammatical elements of a sentence)
Rules to Remember about Interjections:
1. An interjection is independent of the grammatical structure of the sentence.
- Hail,Holy God!
2. Almost any part of speech may be used as an exclamation and therefore, performs the function of an interjection.
- Fire! The school is on fire!
- Help! The baby is falling!
3. Exclamatory expressions are not limited to words but may also expressed in phrases.
- To the bat cave!
- Up, up and away!