Location of Garden of Eden
In the Book of Genesis, the Bible describes how God created Adam and Eve and then placed them in the Garden of Eden as their living space on Earth. Genesis 2:8 suggests that God physically planted a garden inside of a place called Eden:
8-9 Then God planted a garden in Eden, in the east. He put the Man he had just made in it. God made all kinds of trees grow from the ground, trees beautiful to look at and good to eat. The Tree-of-Life was in the middle of the garden, also the Tree-of-Knowledge-of-Good-and-Evil.
The Book of Genesis continues to describe in further detail the geographical location of the Garden of Eden in Genesis 2:10-14:
10-14 A river flows out of Eden to water the garden and from there divides into four rivers. The first is named Pishon; it flows through Havilah where there is gold. The gold of this land is good. The land is also known for a sweet-scented resin and the onyx stone. The second river is named Gihon; it flows through the land of Cush. The third river is named Hiddekel and flows east of Assyria. The fourth river is the Euphrates.
So according to the Bible, there are four rivers flowing through the Garden of Eden:the Pishon River, the Gihon River, the Hiddekel River and the Euphrates River. It is commonly accepted that the Hiddekel River is the same thing as the Tigris River. The Bible further specifies the Garden of Eden's location in relation to three locations, the regions of Havilah, Assyria and Kush (or Cush).
The Gihon River is thought to be the same thing as the Karun River, but this remains speculation. The Hiddekel (Tigris) and Euprates Rivers were located in approximately the same locations as they are today.
So what is the location of Garden of Eden? It is likely that the Garden of Eden was located somewhere roughly one-hundred miles northwest of Basra in Iraq. James Sauer's article, "The River Runs Dry," talks about satellite images have located an underground riverbed along the Wadi al Batin. Sauer says this river is the same thing as the Pishon River mentioned in Genesis. The riverbed is dry today, but Sauer says that the Earth's climate was much wetter in the past and that this river wasn't always dry.
If the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers referred to in the Book of Genesis are the same rivers that exist in modern times, the geographical location of the Garden of Eden is definitely somewhere in the Middle East near or inside of Iraq.
People have been looking for the exact location of the Garden of Eden for a very long time, and no one has been able to find it. So what happened to the Garden of Eden then?The Bible does not specifically speak of the Garden of Eden's destruction as it does of the Garden's creation. Some people think the Garden of Eden was destroyed completely by the Great Flood. Others believe the Garden of Eden may actually be buried deep underground, decomposing into oil with all the other plant and animal matter under centuries' worth of sand deposits.
The ancient Middle East according to David Rohl
Photo Source: Cush