Facts About Killer Whales
What is an Orca Whale?
Orca whales are the largest type of dolphins in the world. These dolphins are one of the most powerful predators in the world. They eat a variety of different animals and fish. We will look at many aspects of the Orca Killer whale below. Let us continue reading and learn the facts about their description, habitat, food and their socialization with other Orca whales.
The Three Different Species of Orca whales!
There are three separate species of these dolphins. They are:
• Resident Killer Whales
• Transient Killer Whales
• Transient Killer Whales
• Off-shore Killer Whales
Each of this species has differences in their appearances and behaviour which splits them apart. Not much in known about the Off-Shore species as they are rarely seen by humans.
What do they look like?
The killer whale is mainly black and white with patches around the eyes. Out of the thirty species of dolphins, Orca Killer whales are the largest of all. The males can grow extremely large with lengths of 19-27 feet whereas female Killer Whales grow to smaller lengths of 16-24 feet.
Orca Killer Whales have large pectoral and dorsal fins with males having the largest. It can be double the size of female pectoral and dorsal fins.
How long do they live?
Female Orca Whales reach their mature status at the age of 15. The cycles take around 15-16 months for full development and the mother will not be ready for pregnancy again until five years pass. After reaching an age of just a young 40, they cannot produce any more children. Male Orca Whales also mature at 15 but cannot reproduce till they reach 20 years of age.
The lives of female Orca Killer Whales are short and live for a maximum of 70-80 years with an average of 50 years. The average life of a male Orca Whale lasts up to 30 years with some living longer around 60 years.
Do they live everywhere in the world?
Killer whales live in vast oceans of the world including the warm waters of the Mediterranean and Arabian Sea. However, their preferred location of habitat is the colder waters in the Arctic.
How do they communicate with other Killer Whales?
Killer Whales produce sound to communicate with other Killer Whales. These sounds can be from whistles, whines or squeaks. The three types of species communicate differently with sounds.
Little is known about the Offshore Killer Whales and whether their vocals are different or near the same as Resident Killer Whales.
What do they eat? I hope it’s not humans!
Killer whales have teeth which are around three inches long. They are dangerous to a variety of different creatures. Some of the animals they eat are:
Killer Whales are not known to be dangerous to humans as we are not part of their food chain. However, they may strike if you are a stranger! There have been numerous incidents with captive Killer Whales and their trainees.
Are they endangered species?
The cause of the rapid fall down of Orca Killer Whales is the continuous and increase pollution in the oceans. Killer Whales living in areas such as California and Washington are considered to be endangered and may fall further without concern and improvement.
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