Indian Cuisine: Types of Indian Breads

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Bread is a fundamental part of the dining culture of India; in much the same way as it is in the European countries. There are various types of Indian breads found in the Indian cuisine which are cooked in different ways. Each differs from the other in shape and size, in the ingredients used, and of course in taste.

Each region of India has its own specialty. The recipes and methods of cooking breads differ widely from one part of the country to another; therefore there is indeed an amazing variety of breads found in the Indian cuisine.

The Indian bread is generally prepared by using flour made of wheat, rice, corn or lentils. Read on to find out more about the various types of Indian breads which are popular all over the world today.


Chapatti is an everyday bread of Indians, which is made from flour, water and salt. It is an unleavened flatbread which is also known as roti. It has an amazing ability to puff up like a balloon , and is generally cooked on a tawa,  (flat skillet).



Naan is yeast-risen, flat bread. It has a soft Centre and crispy crust. The ingredients used for making naan are white wheat flour, yogurt and eggs. Naan is traditionally baked in a charcoal-fired clay oven called a tandoor, but can also be cooked in an oven using a pizza stone as it helps to give the Naan similar kind of heat as clay tandoor.


Naan is available in a variety of flavors from plain to stuffed with potatoes, cheese and onion . There is also a deliciously sweet version stuffed with almonds and raisins.


Puri is also known as poori or boori. It is an unleavened fried Indian flat bread made from wheat flour. It is generally served as part of ceremonial rituals where it is offered in prayer. It is the most popular bread which is a part of the Indian cuisine served at festivals and family functions. A delicious bread which  puffs up while frying and looks just like a ball.


Rumali Roti

Rumali Roti is a part of Northern Indian cuisine. It is a very large, thin bread. The meaning of the word rumal is handkerchief and the name rumali roti means handkerchief bread.The extreme thinness of the bread and the fact that it is usually served folded like a handkerchief signifies its name.


Rumali roti is usually made with a combination of whole and white wheat flours and is generally cooked on top of an inverted Indian styled wok (kadhai).


Paratha is one of the most popular unleavened flat-breads in Indian cuisine which is made by pan frying whole wheat flour on a tava. Parathas can be plain or stuffed with vegetables such as boiled potatoes, leafy vegetables, cauliflower and/or Indian cheese called paneer.



Bhatoora is a soft and fluffy deep-fried bread which is a part of the the Punjab region of India, and is often eaten with chickpea curry. It is commonly famous as a part of the classic Punjabi dish called chole bhature. 


Hope you enjoyed reading about the various types of Indian breads. So next time you go to an Indian restaurant share this info on Indian breads you learnt here, and impress your friends, right!

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Posted on Mar 26, 2011
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