How to Repair an Electric Range Burner
Older electric ranges don’t require much in the way of maintenance, but there is a common problem that eventually affects all of them; loose burner elements. Working on an electric range is not as dangerous as it may appear as long as you unplug the appliance or shut off the power at your main electrical panel. If you can locate the owner’s manual for your appliance you can obtain the part number for the replacement burner.
Replacement Electric Burner
Typical Parts Diagram (Source: www.appliance-parts-warehouse.com )
Depending on the model, some electric burners have 2 prongs, while others have 3 or 4. Make sure you purchase a replacement burner that exactly matches the one you have.
Tools and Materials
New Burner Element
For replacing the Burner Socket:
New Burner Socket
The element on the electric burner assembly can become nonfunctional due to the element failing or the terminals in the socket becoming loose.
Step 1. Remove the Burner
Compare the burner that is not working with the other burners. If the surface looks pitted and scorched, unplug the range, and lift the free end of the burner up about an inch and gently pull it out of the socket. You may have to wiggle it slightly to get the prongs to release. Some burners are held by a screw that you must remove.
Step 2: Check the connection
Wiggle the burner in the socket. If it's loose in the socket, pull it out and spread the burner terminals slightly for a tighter connection. Be careful as the metal is brittle and bending the terminals too much may crack the heating element. Clean the socket with a small wire brush. Reinstall the burner, plug the stove back in and see how the burner operates.
If the old burner does not work after spreading the terminals, try installing the new burner element. If the new burner does not work you will need to replace the burner socket.
Step 3: Replacing a Burner Socket
If you need to replace a damaged or scorched socket you will need to remove the screws that secure it to the range top. Then unscrew the range wires and screw them to the terminals on the new socket. Some burner sockets can be accessed without removing the top of the range, while others require that the cooktop be lifted off.
Remove the burner socket and label the wires with masking tape so you can install the new receptacle correctly. Some burner sockets will have quick connectors or they may need to be spliced into place. If there are no quick connections you will have to cut the wires. Purchase a new burner socket at a hardware or appliance store.
To install the new socket strip the ends of the wires with a wire stripper, then twist the wires together and twist on wire nuts to secure them. Reinstall the socket in the cooktop and install the element.
Turn the power back on and test the burner.
If the burners still don't work, call a service professional for help.