How to Make a Brangus Cow
Why create a new breed?
Brangus cattle are superior animals for meat production. They are highly valued at the livestock sale barns because they will perform well in the feed lot and the grocery store. The Brangus breed was developed by a group of cattlemen to meet the needs of the buying public. The older breeds were suffering from in-breeding depression. This term describes the deterioration of a defined population over time due to lack of good selection procedures. To restore vitality it may be necessary to out breed animals to improve the gene pool. The Brangus breed used Brahman and Black Angus in a 3/8 X 5/8 cross to establish the new breed.
The registry is not closed so new Brangus first generation animals are still being entered. To enter the breeding up program, a breeder must enroll Black Angus and Brahman cattle as foundation stock. To achieve the 3/8 B X 5/8 A cross, you must first mate a full blood Angus with a full blood Brahman. This mating produces a ½ blood Brahman/Angus. Breeding the ½ blood animal to a pure bred Brahman that is certified in the program will produce a ¾ Brahman X ¼ Angus. When the ¾ Brahman is bred to a pure bred registered Angus, the offspring will be a first generation Brangus. The half blood and ¾ blood register and certified animals and semen are for sale.
What are the benefits of Brangus?
Brangus stock takes the best traits of two breeds to produce an outstanding animal. Brahman cattle are recognized as hardy and disease resistant. They have very high tolerance for heat and they are docile and easy to handle while exhibiting excellent mothering ability. All these characteristics are expressed in the Brangus. Angus cattle are renowned for the tenderness and quality of the meat they produce. They are well-muscled and exhibit good maternal strengths. The calves are small at birth contributing to calving ease, but they grow quickly. Early puberty means the cows are expected to produce their first calf by the age of 2. They usually remain fertile and productive until they are at least 13.
What Can Brangus Do for the Commercial Producer?
Commercial beef producers do not usually want to maintain the same kind of records as registered producers and their animals are intended for a different purpose. Registered producers are interested in two markets: other registered producers and commercial producers. Registered producers are intent on proving the desirability of their animals in a commercial herd. They sometimes show their animals in competitive shows for exposure and advertisement. Some producers of registered stock are particularly interested the show calf market and their customers are primarily 4-H, FFA, IJBBA and Club Calf members. These young people are learning the ins and outs of cattle production.
The commercial producers are especially important to the IBBA and registered producers since the ultimate reason for raising cattle is to provide quality meat for the consumer. The breeders are involved in an increasing number of programs to support commercial producers. Brangus strengths are beneficial to the commercial breeders and cross well with other breeds to improve the quality of commercial herds.