Facilitate Effective Teaching: Characteristics of a Good RecitationFitness Equipment
To appreciate instruction, there is a need to make a distinction between teaching and instruction. Teaching is the behavior of the teacher that evolves during the instructional process. Instruction refers to specific methods and activities by which the teacher influences learning.
Characteristics of a Good Recitation
It may be inferred that the most important characteristic of a recitation is to develop wholesome attitude essentials to effective teaching-learning process. It is in the recitation where varied ideas take place. It is this kind of learning atmosphere where pupils (students) develop creative expressions.
Although there is no hand-and-fast rule in the conduct of the recitation, some authors in pedagogy recommended some guidelines.
The recitation should be well planned. Planning and organizing of the learning materials will ensure the smooth unfolding of various activities during the recitation.
The recitation should be motivated to arouse the interest of the learners. Learning is most effective when the pupils/students are motivated by goals which are intrinsic to the learning activity.
The recitation should be purposive. In an effective environment, pupils/students are working at purposes that are real to them. Inasmuch as classroom activities are learning situations, the learners should realize their significance and value to their lives. If they know why they are engaged in particular learning activity, they will try their best to accomplish the task to the best of their ability.
The recitation should provide opportunities for active and productive participation in the learning situations. The pupils/students learn by doing. Activities like dramatization, debates, and free discussion encourage maximum participation.
The recitation should make use of real-life situations. The classroom should be transformed into a laboratory for the pupils/students to develop democratic ways of solving their own problems. Problems in the community, like cleanliness, health and juvenile delinquency will certainly interest them.
The recitation should provide for individual differences. The recitation should consider the varied interest, capabilities, and needs of the pupil/students. Activities for bright pupils/students should be different from the less bright ones. The teacher should be aware of shy learners and should be given preferential attention.
The good recitation should provide for evaluation. Every activity in the classroom should be evaluated to determine the degree of performance of the pupils/students. They should be encouraged to give their suggestions and comments about the conduct of the recitation. Constructive criticisms should be allowed as long as they are given without hurting the feeling of others and these are for the improvement of learning.