Exposition, Description, Narration and Argumentation: The Different Types of Composition

Knoji reviews products and up-and-coming brands we think you'll love. In certain cases, we may receive a commission from brands mentioned in our guides. Learn more.
Composition writing is a process to take. One of the first things to consider is to determine what type of composition to be used.

Composition writing is a process to take. One of the first things to consider is to determine what type of composition to be used.

When you are going to write, you usually have a central purpose or central idea in communicating your readers. You also aim to produce some effects to the readers. These purpose or ends is the one that determines the type of discourse that you are going to use in writing a composition.

The types of discourse are Exposition, Description, Narration and Argumentation. Each of these discourses differs from one another in their style and end purpose.

The Exposition type of discourse explain something to your readers, it make the ideas in the composition clear to them. Further, exposition analyzes a character or a situation. It also defines a term, gives directions and makes something clear to the one that presumably does not understand something. The examples of the exposition are those compositions that we can read from most of the magazine articles, editorials and textbooks.

The Description type of discourse tries to make the readers realize how you felt in certain circumstances. It makes your reader to see or to hear something like what you yourself heard or saw. Through this type of discourse, you make your readers to have a quality of direct experience. This type of discourse describes what the writer saw or experience.

The Narration type of discourse tells your readers about a certain event. It informed them what happened and how it happened. It further gives your readers with the impression of the particular event. Narration type of discourse gives your readers the sense of witnessing a certain situation. It narrates the story or a certain events to the readers.

The Argumentation type of discourse makes your readers change their mind, their points of views, their attitudes or their feelings. This type of discourse usually makes an appeal to the reader’s logical capability or to their reasoning capability. Furthermore, the argumentation type of discourse appeals to your reader’s emotions. One of the key factors here is the ability of the writer to persuade his or her readers with regards to the matter that is being discussed.

Using different types of discourse really depend upon the writer’s objectives. The writer might use exposition, description, narration and argumentation depending upon his end purpose. The writer must define his or her objectives accordingly to use the proper form of discourse.