Clonazepam (Epitril) is from the group of benzodiazepine extract with extremely powerful muscle relaxant, anticonvulsant, and anxiolytic actions. It is sold by Roche as Klonopin in the US, and under the brand name Ravotril in Chile. Other popular brand names under which the drug is marketed all over the wolrd are Rivotril, Rivatril, etc. Clonazepam is a chlorinated extract of nitrazepam and for that reason a nitrobenzodiazepine.
The exact system by which Clonazepam uses its antipanic and antiseizure actions is unidentified, even though it is assumed to be associated to its capability to increase the action of gamma aminobutyric acid, the main inhibitory neurotransmitter presnt in the vital nervous system. Seizure generated in rodents as a result of pentylenetetrazol or, to a smaller degree, electrical stimulus is provokde, as are seizures generated by photic incentive in vulnerable baboons.
A calming action in violent primates, muscle weakness as well as hypnosis is also provoked. In individuals, Epitril (Clonazepam) is able of restraining the wave and spike release in absence convulsions (petit mal) and reducing the rate of recurrence, period, amplitude, and extension of release in slight motor convulsions.
Epitril is an efficient anticonvulsant. It increases the entry for transmission of convulsion action and checks oversimplification of central or limited action. Medically, it develops central epilepsy and widespread seizures. It is in addition considered to improve the action of GABA, and works as anxiolytic.
Clonazepam Adverse Reactions / Clonazepam Side Effects
Sleepiness, exhaustion, muscular hypotonia, management disorders, wooziness, dizziness, blurred vision, anorexia, libido alterations.
Possibly serious: Bronchial or Salivary discharge causing respiratory disorders especially in children It may in addition generate reduced reflexes or coma. In rare case blood dyscrasias may occur.
Clonazepam and Geriatic
Ppreliminary amount ought to be minute and slowly enhanced. Use treatment with intense care to aged or awfully ill subjects with inadequate respiratory reserve.
Clonazepam and Other Contraindications
Allergic reaction to benzodiazepines, severe narrow angle glaucoma, severe pulmonary deficiency.
Neonates, porphyria, constant pulmonary deficiency, renal/hepatic disorders, elderly; pregnancy as well as lactation.
Other Drug Interactions
Carbamazepine, phenytoin or phenobarbitone might speed up clonazepam break down.
Possibly lethal: Augmented sedative consequence with alcohol, common TCAs and anaesthetics.