The word Society is taken from the Latin word “socios” or “socialis”; this words means fellow, a companion or associates. It can be defined as a group of individuals in which common ideas, attitude, techniques of living as well as other things are developed through time. Society is formed maybe because of mans tendency or desire to be with the other people.
The development, the structure, the interaction and the collective behavior of the organized groups are under the study of Sociology.
A group can be defined as a unit in which different personalities with different interdependence roles and status interacts.
There are different kinds of groups; these are the Primary, the Secondary, the In-Group, the Out-Group, the Peer Group, the Reference Group and the Voluntary Associations.
The Primary Group is a group by which there is an intimate, there is face to face, there is informal as well as personal relationship among the members such as the “family”.
The Secondary Group is a group by which there is an impersonal, there is an informal, and there is a contractual, business-like as well as casual relationship among the members such as the “religion” or “school”.
The In-Group is a group by which the member feels to have been given a sense of belongingness.
The Out-Group is a group by which an individual feels some indifferences, dislike, strangeness, antagonism or hatred.
The Peer Group is a group by which the members are almost in the same age as well as social and economic status.
The Peer Group comes in different types; the Play-Group, the Gang and the Clique.
The Play-Group is common among the children; there could be a minimum or no adult supervision in this group; it is also spontaneous and informal.
The Gang is a group by which there is a recognized leader. The members are expected to follow their rules of behaviors; they have a definite place to stay, meeting time and they have planned activities. Sometimes, they even have a password.
The Clique is a group by which the members have the same line of thinking as well as interest.
The Reference Group is a group by which an individual or a member identifies him or herself consciously or unconsciously. This kind of group is more likely on identification and not really on the actual membership.
The Voluntary Association is a group by which the members tend to join together because of their common needs, decisions, aims or goal.
This is classified into Personal Interest Group (for the people with same interest such “golf club” or other associations), Social Service Groups (for the people serving in the community such as NGO organizations), and Political Action Group (for the people in the politics such as those in different political parties).