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Diagnosis and Treatment for Bronchospasm

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Have you ever experienced problems breathing, troubles in your chest and not being able to catch your breath? Sometimes there may seem to be an unexplained problem but it is very real. You may not have heard of Bronchospasm which is not a disease but rather a symptom of other conditions.

So what is a Bronchospasm? The definition for this term is that it is an abnormal contraction in the smooth muscle wall of the bronchi, resulting in a narrowing and an obstruction of the airways into the lungs which can be mild to severe. Usually coughing and wheezing is an indication of this condition, a relative difficulty in breathing. There are two forms of Bronchospasm, Paradoxical or Acute. A Bronchospasm is a chief contributor to asthma and bronchitis. Paradoxical Bronchospasm can be caused as a result of medications taken to relieve the Bronchospasm where as Acute Bronchospasm is the more serious form of this condition. Some of the causes of Bronchospasms are allergic reactions to consumption of foods such as eggs, milk, nuts, shellfish, soy and wheat. Another cause can be associated with taking certain medications or to getting a bee sting and/or insect bite if one is allergic to them. When a Bronchospasm occurs, there is the narrowing of the bronchi by the contraction of the muscles in the lung walls, by inflammation of the lung lining or a combination of both. When you are experiencing a Bronchospasm, the bronchial muscle narrows the diameter of the bronchus. The mucosa becomes swollen and inflamed which further reduces the bronchial diameter. The bronchial glands also produce excessive amounts of sticky mucus which can contribute to an obstruction in air flow, make it irritating and a difficulty in coughing. Diagnosis of Bronchospasm is based upon a clinical exam of wheezing, blocked air ways and asthma can be detected. A more concise test can be performed through a chest x-ray.

So what can you do if you experience Bronchospasms? Beta2-agonists medications and inhalers may help to ease symptoms of asthma by relaxing the bronchial muscle walls, thusly relieving the symptoms of the Bronchospasms. The main processes for treatment is to relax those all important muscles that are necessary for healthy breathing. Most of these medications are by prescription. There are new drugs available all the time in various doses and in nebulizer forms so be sure to be open with your own physician to know all the help and resources available to you. Other methods to help ward off this condition is a proper healthy diet and plenty of water, keeping clean air ducts in the home, changing filters, often, keeping a dust free environment as much as possible; doing all that you can to prevent anything that can trigger the Bronchospasm. Suffering from Bronchospasms does not have to seriously hamper your lifestyle and day to day living if you are properly treated. Talking to your physician and then pre-treating your symptoms using a bronchodilator can prevent attacks and allow you to perform all your normal activities.


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Susan Lee

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