Common Diseases in Women: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options
A woman’s body undergoes several changes as she ages. She is susceptible to many diseases which can be caused by infections, heredity factors or improper lifestyle. A lot of diseases can be prevented by adopting a healthy lifestyle and diet.
Girls start menstruating by the age of sixteen. Amenorrhea is a condition where menstruation has not occurred at all and is absent. A girl whose periods are very irregular is said to have secondary amenorrhea. The breasts will not develop properly and pubic hair may not grow. The causes of this condition can be related to hypothalamic, pituitary, ovarian, functional causes like anorexia, weight loss or gain and stress. Symptoms include hair growth as in males, breast milk production when not pregnant; sleep disorder, dry vagina, weight loss or gain, fretfulness, headache, change in voice, weakness and night sweats.
Tests like CT scan, ultrasonography, blood tests, thyroid tests and hysteroscopy will be done to find the exact cause of amenorrhea. This condition cannot be prevented in many cases. It can be reverted in some cases by adopting a healthy diet, having supplements, reducing stress, giving up smoking and trying natural cures as ordained by ayurveda.
It is a disease that commonly occurs in women. It is characterized by vaginal discharge. It is generally referred to as ‘whites’. Estrogen imbalance is the main cause of this disease. It is also caused due to infections or sexually transmitted disease. The vaginal discharge is smelly, has pus and is green in color in advanced cases. Presence of blood indicates severity and must be treated at once.
The symptoms include white discharge, fatigue, exhaustion, headaches, spots in undergarments, constipation, itching in genital areas, stinking smell and bad temper. This disease can be prevented by bathing regularly, cleaning genital area and staying away from insecure sexual intercourse. Treatment includes ointments, healthy diet, exercise, rest, fruit diets, warm water cleansing, fresh air, consuming ladies finger (vegetable) and exposure to sunlight.
Osteoporosis occurs when bone tissue thins and density is lost. Weak bones tend to break easily. Older women are more prone to osteoporosis. The bones become weak because of the deficiency of calcium and phosphate. Bone tissue weakens and this leads to fragile and brittle bones. Other causes include rheumatoid arthritis, deficiency of vitamin D, kidney disease, bed ridden condition, family history, smoking, amenorrhea, excessive alcohol consumption, after effects of hormone treatment for breast cancer and low weight.
Symptoms include pain in bones, fractures, back pain, neck pain and hump posture and height loss. Bone density tests and scans are conducted to diagnose the disease. Treatment includes medicines and changes in lifestyle. The basic aim is to reduce pain, toughen bones and avoid fractures.