Classroom Management Key Factors
The management of a classroom includes control of its physical conditions, proper utilization of materials for instruction, classroom routine and discipline.
The physical aspects include the location, size, shape, lighting and illumination, ventilation, acoustics, and provisions for sanitation. While the location and the size of the room are not within the teacher's control, the ingenious and creative teacher can transform even the dullest room in the building to be attractive, restful and comfortable. The educational climate of the room should be conducive to learning.
The teacher has many opportunities for creating - with and for students - a classroom environment that promotes cooperative group learning experiences.
"Classroom environment" encompasses four variables: the physical environment, the intellectual climate, the social climate and the emotional climate.
The Intellectual Climate: This means that the teacher should keep or promote a sound and viable intellectual climate so that the learners can think clearly, critically and creatively.
The Social Climate: This is characterized by a permissive atmosphere where the learners are involved in the planning, executing and evaluating the project. They also help in maintaining the cleanliness and orderliness of the classroom. The teacher and his students plan and make their room attractive by bringing ornamental plants, utilizing the bulletin boards by putting posters relevant to the subject matter.
The Emotional Climate: This pertains to the emotional adjustment of the learners. The teacher should be aware of the various emotional needs of the students. This kind of emotional climate will certainly help learners to feel secure in the group when their emotional needs are met. They tend to work harder and longer when they are relaxed and happy.
Other aspects related to classroom management are:
Lighting: Lighting and illumination of the room should be adequate. Good lighting facilities affect the health and the learning of the students. There are several factors that should be considered into provision of good lighting facilities. These are the size of the room, the light available, the location of the doors and windows, the colors of the walls, shades and manipulation of blinds. The learners should not face directly to the source of light. Shadows should not fall on their work either. As a general rule, the light should come from the left shoulder of the student except for the left-handed where the light should come from the right shoulder.
The general physical appearance of the room can stimulate pleasant feelings, attitudes, thoughts, ideas, and appreciations that are essential to learning. The climate can enhance the morale of the learners, and, in effect, work hard and learning becomes more meaningful.