Aids to Facilitate Effective Teaching: The Recitation
Any teacher if he has to teach effectively must know how to conduct recitations, makes and asks good questions and gives interesting and challenging assignments. Specific guidelines and procedures as well as cautions are necessary and well provided in each area. The new teacher, and even experienced old teachers, will find this literature a rich mine of information about every teaching tool. A careful study of each area will undoubtedly solve multifarious problems that the teacher may encounter in this multifaceted activity.
The recitation as a teaching tool is viewed to be a common teaching technique in a period of class instruction. It is the most visible manifestation of the teaching-learning situation. It helps pupils/students in learning every aspect of the subject matter to clarify abstract concepts and ideas. Recitation has been used in all levels of learning as an effective means for teaching and learning. While it may be assumed that the beginning teacher may not automatically know how to conduct recitations correctly and effectively, over the years, he will be able to develop the ability to conduct good and functional recitations.
The Rationale of Recitation
The rationale of the recitation in the teaching-learning process does not need further explanation. Teachers still believe in its efficiency as an effective means of imparting knowledge and information, developing many skills, abilities, attitudes, desirable habits and ideas.
The concept of an effective recitation is often looked upon to an opportunity for developing creative expression, reflective thinking, favorable attitudes and ideals for interpersonal relations and social living. Recitation has been regarded the matrix for the inculcation of democratic ideals, for example, respect for human worth and dignity, cooperation and development effort, group responsibility, freedom of expression, use of one's intelligence and the promotion of the general welfare of the people in a particular society. The use of traditional type of recitation is now passé.
The contemporary type of recitation is learners centered. The pupils/students are the most important variable in the teaching-learning process. All learning activities resolve around the pupils/students. The learners are involved in the planning, executing and evaluating learning activities in the classroom. The new type of recitation emphasizes problem solving and inclusion of life-like situations in the classroom learning activity. Group work, democratic exchange of ideas, respect for individual differences, initiative, constructive criticisms, team effort, respect for school rules and regulations, adherence to appropriate behavior in school and application of new principles learned characterize the new type of recitation in the school system.