Adjective, Articles and Demonstrative Adjectives
A word that describes a noun or a pronoun is called an adjective.
|1. Adjectives tell what kind.||
Spotted fawns were resting.
They looked peaceful.
|2. Adjectives tell how many.||
Three elephants were eating.
Monkeys did several tricks.
Adjectives appear in a variety of places in a sentence. They may come before the noun they are describing.
Powerful lions stared boldly at us.
Adjectives may also come after a linking verb.
Giraffes seemed gentle and shy.
When two or more adjectives are listed together, you should usually use a comma to separate them.
Large, colorful parrots screeched.
When one of these adjectives tells how many, do not use a comma.
Two white geese honked loudly.
What are the adjectives in each sentence? (Do not include a, an, or, the,)
Example: Several graceful zebras played in the tall grass. Answer: several, graceful, tall.
- Two cubs are small and playful.
- One enormous hippo swam in deep water.
- The beautiful, proud peacock has many feathers.
- The owls have speckled wings and sharp claws.
- We were curious about three alligators.
- They were resting on a long, smooth rock.
- An adjective is a word that describes a noun or pronoun.
- An adjective tells what kind or how many.
Articles and Demonstrative Adjectives
Two special kinds of adjectives are articles and demonstrative adjectives. They are used before a noun or before another adjective.
A, an, and the are articles. A and an refer to any person, place or thing. The refers to a particular one.
Let's take a trip. (Any). It's time for the trip. (Particular).
This, that, these, and those are demonstrative adjectives. A demonstrative adjective tells which one. This and these refer to nouns close to the speaker or writer. That and those refer to nouns farther away.
a- Use before singular words that begin with a consonant word.
an- Use before singular words that begin with a vowel sound.
the- Use before singular and plural words.
Examples on the use of articles:
- a jet
- a high step
- an engine
- an hour
- the plans.
this, that- use before singular words.
these, those - use before plural words
Examples of demonstrative adjectives:
- This seat.
- Those pens.
Which word correctly completes each sentence?
Example: I am flying in (a, an) huge plane. Ans: a
- I am sitting in (a, an) aisle seat.
- (Those, That) man should fasten his seat belt.
- We are flying over (a, the) state of New York.
- (This, That) magazine is old, but that one is new.
- (These, Those) clouds are far away.