Adjective, Articles and Demonstrative Adjectives

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Adjective, Articles and Demonstrative Adjectives are used in writing but not all knows how to use it in the correct manner. In this article, some practice are given as well as the proper use of the said part of constructing literature.

 Adjectives

A word that describes a noun or a pronoun is called an adjective.

1. Adjectives tell what kind.

Spotted fawns were resting.

They looked peaceful.

2. Adjectives tell how many.

Three elephants were eating.

Monkeys did several tricks.

Adjectives appear in a variety of places in a sentence. They may come before the noun they are describing.

Powerful lions stared boldly at us.

Adjectives may also come after a linking verb. 

Giraffes seemed gentle and shy.

When two or more adjectives are listed together, you should usually use a comma to separate them.

Large, colorful parrots screeched.

When one of these adjectives tells how many, do not use a comma.

Two white geese honked loudly. 

Guided Practice

What are the adjectives in each sentence? (Do not include a, an, or, the,) 

Example: Several graceful zebras played in the tall grass. Answer: several, graceful, tall.

  1. Two cubs are small and playful.
  2. One enormous hippo swam in deep water.
  3. The beautiful, proud peacock has many feathers.
  4. The owls have speckled wings and sharp claws.
  5. We were curious about three alligators.
  6. They were resting on a long, smooth rock.

Summing up

  • An adjective is a word that describes a noun or  pronoun.
  • An adjective tells what kind or how many. 

Articles and Demonstrative Adjectives

Two special kinds of adjectives are articles and demonstrative adjectives. They are used before a noun or before another adjective. 

A, an, and the are articles. A and an refer to any person, place or thing. The refers to a particular one. 

Let's take a trip. (Any). It's time for the trip. (Particular).

This, that, these, and those are demonstrative adjectives. A demonstrative adjective tells which one. This and these refer to nouns close to the speaker or writer. That and those refer to nouns farther away. 

Articles:

a- Use before singular words that begin with a consonant word.

an- Use before singular words that begin with a vowel sound.

the- Use before singular and plural words.

Examples on the use of articles:

  1. a jet
  2. a high step
  3. an engine
  4. an hour
  5. the plans.

Demonstrative adjectives:

this, that- use before singular words.

these, those - use before plural words

Examples of demonstrative adjectives:

  1. This seat.
  2. Those pens.

Guided Practice 

Which word correctly completes each sentence?

Example: I am flying in (a, an) huge plane. Ans: a

  1. I am sitting in (a, an) aisle seat.
  2. (Those, That) man should fasten his seat belt.
  3. We are flying over (a, the) state of New York.
  4. (This, That) magazine is old, but that one is new.
  5. (These, Those) clouds are far away.

1 comment

Jerry Walch
0
Posted on Dec 22, 2011