Domestic goats or Capra aegagrus hircus are among the oldest animals primarily raised for their meat, milk and fiber or goatskin. There are several recognized goat breeds in the world. Depending on their primary use, they can be categorized as dairy goats, meat goats, etc…. They can also be considered as dual or multipurpose goats. Here’s a list of longhaired breeds of goat and their uses and importance.
1. Saanen Goat
Saanen Goat is longhaired and cream-colored goat breed that originated in Saanen Valley in Switzerland where its name was taken. It is the largest of all dairy goat breeds in the world weighing more than 91 kg
It produces the most milk on the average with low butterfat content. A female Saanen produces an average of 3.8 liters a day. It gets along well with children and is popular in the showmanship classes. This huge goat breed appears on Farmville.
2. Golden Guernsey
The longhaired Golden Guernsey is a rare goat breed that originated in the Bailiwick of Guernsey on the Channel Island. Its name is taken from its golden colored coat. The males are unusually smelly.
Golden Guernsey is an efficient milking livestock producing an average yield of 3.16 kilograms of milk per day which contain high butterfat and protein.
3. Messinese Goat
The Messinese Goat is a longhaired dairy breed from Messina, Sicily. It is also called the Nebrodi Goat. It is white, black and brown in color.
The Mesinese Goat is primarily raised for milk production for making different types of cheese.
The Anglo-Nubian is a longhaired breed which was developed in Great Britain;. It has long horns and large ears. In the United States, it is simply called Nubian.It can attain a weight of up to 79 kg and a height of up to 89 cm.
This dual-purpose breed is known for the high butterfat content of its milk.
5. Dutch Landrace
The Dutch Landrace is a longhaired and handsome breed that originated in the Netherlands. It is primarily raised for its fiber and milk.
The Changthangi is a handsome and longhaired goat breed that originated in Tibet, Changthang and Ladakhi.
It is raised for meat and cashmere wool. The fine wool it provides is used for Kashmir's famous Pashmina shawls which are exported worldwide.
7. Finnish Landrace Goat
Like the Ducth Landrace, the related Finnish Landrace Goat is a handsome longhaired breed. It is from western Finland.
It is primarily raised for milk production.
8. Australian Cashmere Goat
As its name implies, the Australian Cashmere Goat is a breed that originated in Australia. It is raised for the production of excellent long, dense cashmere.
9. Angora Goat
The Angora Goat is a goat breed with long and curly hair that originated in Ankara Turkey.
Angora goats are raised for their lustrous fiber called Mohair. A single Angora produces about 5 kg of hair per year. The breed is shorn two times a year.
10. Pygmy Goat
The handsome Pygmy Goat with large horns and long hair is a popular pet goat. It can attain a weight of up to 39 kg.
Despite its relatively small stature, the Pygmy Goat produces large amount of milk. The meat can be eaten also.
11. Pygora Goat
The longhair Pygora Goat is a result of crossing an Angora Goat and a Pygmy Goat. It can live up to 14 years.
It is raised for its fiber and is commonly used as pet. It also produces milk averaging one liter a day.
12. Pyrenean Goat
The Pyrenean is a goat bred with long hair and large horns. It originated from the Pyrenees of Spain and France.
This dual purpose goat breed is mainly used for milk and meat production.
The Stiefelgeiss is a longhair breed of domestic mountain goats from St. Gallen, Switzerland. To date, there are less than one thousand remaining Stiefelgeiss.
It is raised for meat fiber production.
14. Valais Blackneck
The shaggy-looking Valais Blackneck is a goat breed that originated from Switzerland.
This longhaired goat breed is raised for meat and milk production.
15. Irish Goat
The incredibly handsome Irish Goat is a longhaired goat breed from Ireland.
It is mainly raised for the production of meat and milk.
16. Bilberry Goat
The longhaired Bilberry Goat is a unique breed that can be found Bilberry Rock in Waterford City in Ireland. It has been in existence for more than 300 years now. This goat with large horns and shaggy coat is endangered.
The very clean-looking Girgentana Goat is a breed with long hair that originated from Agrigento, Sicily. This goat breed is also characterized by long twisted horns.
It is used primarily as a source of high quality milk.